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Social Changes Notes

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University of Maryland
SOCY 200

______________________________________________________________ 1 THE SOCHE BUFF'S GAZETTE Professors Noh et al. 2¢ Death by dieselization!!! Permanence and change Being and becoming Ecclesiastes “the only reality is being” Heraclitus “the only reality is becoming” Hours to produce: 1. 100 bushels of wheat a. 1800 - 373 hours b. 1997 - 6 hours 2. 100 bushels of corn a. 1800 - 277 hours b. 1997 – 3 hours 3. Chicken 1000 lbs. a. 1917- 95 hours b. 1997- 1 hour 4. 1000 lbs. of milk a. 1997-1 hour Around the world 1850 - 400 days 2005 - 3 days 1913 48% - life expectancy 8% - homes with telephone 10 MPH–city speed limit 95% - births at home 6% – high school graduate. SOCIAL CHANGES Three Great Revolutions 1. Agricultural Revolution a. 10,000 BCE 2. European discovery of the new world a. 1500 AD 3. Industrial Revolution a. 1800 AD [email protected] 10/31/2013 Five General Patterns of Social Change 1. Technological changes accelerate the rate of other social changes. 2. Social organization adapts to technological change 3. Technological and social changes become increasingly complex and interrelated. 4. Ideology adapts to changes in social organization 5. The more developer the technology, the more ideology matters a. People have choices how to organize their life b. Hunting gathering (you had to have that division of labor because of subsistence technology and mode of reproduction) c. Nowadays there are different choices (who earners money, who takes care of the children) Agrarian Society Industrial Society 1. Agricultural 1. Industrial 2. Animal power 2. Machine power 3. Craft production 3. Mass production 4. Simple division of labor 4. Complex division of labor 5. Slow travel speed 5. Rapid travel speed 6. slow communication speed 6. Rapid communication speed 7. Rural 7. Urban 8. Small population 8. Large population 9. High death rate 9. Low death rate 10. High birth rate 10. Low birth rate 11. Low life expectancy 11. High life expectancy [email protected] 10/31/2013 I'd Rather Be Studying__________________ [email protected] 10/31/2013 ___________________________________________________________________ 12. Work at home
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