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Lecture 2

COM 250 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Horatii, Acta Diurna, Perduellio


Department
Communication
Course Code
COM 250
Professor
Terilli Samuel
Lecture
2

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COM$250$
Class$2$
Our$Western$Heritage$pt.$2$
$
Speech&in&the&theater:&
o The&theatre&was&Athens’&“public&sphere”&where&social&and&political&topics,&often&
controversial,&were&presented&to&the&audience.&
o Ironically,&the&theatre&was&the&only&medium&where&women&could&speak&
somewhat&freely&but&only&as&characters&in&a&play&
§ Sophocles’&!"#$%&"'&
§ Aristophanes’&()*$*#+,#,&
Forms&of&speech&control:&
o Ostracism&
o Heresy&
o -+,./'0.,+&"&1&"&(To&make&an&“illegal&proposal”&in&the&Assembly,&treason)&
What&about&Socrates?&
o Was&Socrates&tried&and&convicted&for&speaking&freely?&
o If&so,&what&happened&to&2,++/3*$,?&
o Factors&that&may&have&weakened&Athenians’&enthusiasm&for&2,++/3*$,&
§ The&rise&and&popularity&of&the&sophists&
§ The&Peloponnesian&War&
§ Internal&strife&
o The&conspiracies&of&411&and&404&BCE&&
§ 4/'05&6"7$80&90#/'0:;;&(lasted&4&months)&in&411&
§ 4/'0<$7#,#&+*/$.0&90#/'04/$+#)&(lasted&8&months)&in&404&
§ “The&horrors&were&not&accidental.&All&through&history&the&narrower&the&
base&of&a&dictatorship,&the&more&dreadful&is&the&terror&it&feels&necessary&to&
maintain&itself&in&power.”&(Stone,&1988.&p.&141.)&
Rome&–&the&cradle&of&western&jurisprudence:&
o Similarities&and&Differences&Between&Athens&and&Rome&
o (S)&Rome&starts&out&as&an&agrarian&society&
o (S)&Balance&of&power&favored&the&landed&aristocracy&
o (S)&Aristocrats&shared&power&(reluctantly)&with&the&plebs&to&protect&the&integrity&
of&the&state&&
o (D)&Rome&was&an&elitist&society;&"&0$*&"&1$,&
o (D)&Oligarchic&control&of&the&Senate,&the&assemblies,&the&courts,&and&the&clergy;&
no&$*'%&+$,&
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