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Lecture 10

COM 250 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Left Wing Manifesto, Syndicalism, President Of The United States


Department
Communication
Course Code
COM 250
Professor
Terilli Samuel
Lecture
10

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COM$250$
Class$10$
The$Espionage$Act$
!
Law!of!Intent/Attempt:!PROXIMITY!AND!DEGREE!
o Proximity!doesn’t!always!mean!physical!closeness…!
The!first!amendment!was!created!to!protect!POLITICAL!SPEECH!
Dissent!is!not!allowed!in!many!countries!
o How!far!can!dissent!go!before!it!come!to!incitement---!leads!to!attempt!
The!Schenck!Doctrine:!the!Gov.!will!step!in!there!is!CLEAR!AND!PRESENT!DANGER!that!
the!words!will!do!harm!and!break!the!law!
o “Substantive!evils”!
Schenck!went!to!prison!for!20!years!for!writing!a!leaflet!and!delivered!them!to!people!
who!were!going!to!war!saying!that!the!war!was!just!for!the!rich!to!become!richer!
o There!was!written!evidence!!
Schenck!and!Clear!and!Present!Danger:!
o The!attempt!must!be!a!step!toward!a!crime!
o There!must!be!an!apparent!adaptation!of!means!to!result!
o Dangerous!proximity!to!success!(getting!a!lot!of!people!to!not!join!the!draft)!
o Would!require!an!objective!test!(whether!or!not!the!words!were!affected:!
Schenk’s!case-!how!many!received!the!leaflet!and!how!many!followed!through!
what!he!told!them!to!do)!
Frohwerk!VS!the!US!1919!
o Printed!12!articles!opposed!to!America’s!entry!into!the!war!
o Publisher!of!the!Missouri!Staats!Zaitung,!a!pro!German!newspaper!
o Convicted!in!trial!court!of!conspiracy!to!violate!the!espionage!act!of!1917!
o Teacher:!journalists!are!supposed!to!question!what’s!going!on!so!how!could!be!
convicted!for!just!doing!his!job??!
Words!of!persuasion:!!
Debs!VS!the!US!
o Socialist!party!leader!who!delivered!antiwar!speech!in!Canton,!Ohio!which!
allegedly!tended!to!obstruct!the!conscription!of!men!for!the!armed!forces!
o Convicted!in!trial!court!for!violating!the!1917!Espionage!Act!for!10!years!in!prison!
o Socialists!party!candidate!for!POTUS!four!times!
o “you!need!to!know!that!you!are!fit!for!something!better!than!slavery!and!cannon!
fodder”!
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