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ENG 212

English Lit II – Prof E. Clasby 8/27 Introduction to the class: Home phone: 305.667.8277 Cell phone: 305.632.5279 Book: the Norton English literature- 9 edition volume 2 You may copy pages from the book to bring to class 3 papers (2 pages each) 2 tests- open book & open note we are allowed to revise and resubmit all assignments except for the last 2 Romantic period -> industrial revolution -> laise faire Revolution in france William Blake  He was a visionary in life and everything he saw  Children know stuff  Innocence is beautiful Coleridge- everything you do to the land comes back to you 4-4 folktale 4-3 ballad 8/29 William Blake – William Blake was a printer/engraver so he was very visual Wrote about the bad living conditions, they were dirty and unhealthy. Very few were wealthy. Most lived in squaller The chimney sweeper p. 121  Addressed to the privileged  Explore the condition of children working in soot  The poor can find consolation  No forgiveness for those who put them in that situation  Opium- the miracle drug  Relief of pain causes addiction Holy Thursday  Look at them in the right eyes- see an angel  It is good to feel pit in your heart for yourself  Even if they are not worth it  Change of heart leads to a change in attitude Songs of innocence – an innocent child Songs of experience- more understanding & realization. A harsher view of reality Holy Thursday (songs of experience) p. 127  As long as this is happening it cannot be a pleasant land The lamb (innocence) p. 120  The lamb of god  Blood of lamb- angle of death passed over them  Jesus associated with the lamb  God becomes Jesus and therefore is the lamb  Redefining god The Tyger p. 129  God is both the lamb and the tiger.  Tiger- dreadful/ awesome/ powerful  All things have energy and life The chimney sweeper (experience)  Strong poem in general  Children have to be taught to hate and to woe  Just because they can manage, they think that they haven’t hurt them.. but they have  The wealthy make a heaven out of the misery of children working  Wealth means that people have to suffer  Protest song 9/3 William Blake he uses 4 main words: (all together bring joy)  Mercy – going beyond justice and the law for something more forgiving and more generous. Cutting someone slack… usually in the pretense of needing slack in the future.  Pity (sympathy- to feel with someone)  Peace – the absence of strife. What does it mean to be at peace with yourself? You can have peace if you have pity and mercy for yourself  Love – cannot have peace within yourself without love within yourself. Christianity spread so fast because jesus said “your life can change and god will love you” Mankind is made in the image and likeness of god- god is present when the world needs love and peace Blake is against organized religion that makes up a heaven of our misery. However, he is spiritual and pro-religion. London p 132  Talks about the city during dark times  Both sees and hears woe  If you criminalize (ban) all behavior then everyone goes to jail  “mind- forg’d manacles” – you don’t need to be controlled because they control themselves. They have internalized all the rules. Mercy pity peace and love is being stifled  if they church can let children become chimney sweepers, then they are appalls (black cloth over a casket). Any church that does that should be rebuked  the palace that sends the soldier to die, visionaries see the blood on the walls. They should be rebuked as well  prostitute curse (language) (curse of syphilis)  their babies are born blind. This curse is caused by the social order that allows this to happen. The infants are cursed by this social order.  This society destroys the bond of marriage because of the plague of syphilis The proverbs of hell p. 151  There is a progression to life (seeding, harvest, enjoy)  You will learn wisdom when you have had too much – learn limits by exceeding them  Net and the trap are deceitful- wholesome food should not be deceitful. Must be caught with intimacy  Arguing against false modesty  Find something you love to do  The best thing you can do is let someone go ahead of you  God: peacock, lamb, and tiger  God’s work is sacred- the naked woman  Friendship is home  There are not many eagles.. but would you rather be an eagle or a crow  Lion heart vs fox  Mind forged manacles  The fox is deceitful  The lion is noble and most powerful  The world is designed to exploit those not in power and provide for those in power  We are all connected to the elements “eyes of fire” etc.  Our bodies are used to measure the world  Envy- joy at the sorrow of another and sorrow at the joy of another  Envy is founded on self hatred 9/5 William blake and wordsworth From blake’s notebook  Immanent – presence/ in dwelling  For the diests god is not immanent in nature And did those feet  At one point in time was jesus really in England  Going to war  “bow of burning gold” is his poetry  arrows are passion  he is a warrior who wants to build the city of god (where god dwells within people) and make a restoration of England 9/10 Wordsworth- Lyrical Ballads- lyrics with 4-3 stressed folk Philosophical poems. Pg. 294- preface to lyrical ballads  choosing incidences from common life  use language of real men  a coloring of imagination  tracing in them the primary law of our nature- he wants his poetry to embody how the mind and spirit works  express ideas in a state of excitement  poetic fiction is artifuss  logos- word/logic/rationalism  nature- passions and feelings are deeply rooted  elegantly simple  the corruption of decadence  people talk in a less affected way in the country  all poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings (recollected in tranquility)  poetic diction- fake language used only in poetry lines composed a few miles above tintern abbey, on revisiting the banks of the wye during a tour, july 1798  abbey is a community of monks or nuns  they were ruined by kings that didn’t want them anymore  recollection poem 5 years ago  SENSATIONS feelings  thought  return in a way that refine one’s sensations  little nameless unremembered acts of kindness and in love  what nature can do for us in body we can become a living soul  getting caught up in the craziness of the world  joyless sunlight- city  the cycle of renewing the experience  life is not a problem to be solved it is an experience to be embraced  immanence- the presence of god in its creation  without this nature becomes dead  his highest thoughts are based from nature and the language of the sense- sensations 9/12 William Wordsworth Ode  tabula rasa- born with a blank slate  idealism – born with transcendent ideas  the universe- nothing is lost  as we get older we lose the glorious vision that we are born with  new ideas about children  we are stars that fade into the light of common day 9/17 Wordsworth and Coleridge (Wordsworth) The world is too much with us: (p.347)  3 temptations from the middle ages- the world, the devil, and the flesh  by what you desire too much you can be controlled  the world of the city  in the effort to get and spend we are wasting our vital spirits  we are no longer identified with nature  we are out of tune with nature. We might be in it but were not of it  to pagans the world is still alive  you become atomized  troglodyte- caveman (Wordsworth)- surprised by joy** (p.347)  pain of losing his daughter  uses 5 “never”s shows his suffering Coleridge  opium addict  wants to restore the passion in the people  does it by creating a vision- take a fresh look  the world isn’t what you think it is (Coleridge) Kubla Khan- p. 460  Xanadu- the steps of central asia  Pleasure dome- where the river alph (beginging)  Leads to pleasure  Bringing all the senses to us  Romantic chasm- more ‘wow factor’… wild  Were in a different world- spells and imaginative things  Sacred everywhere  This poem is orgasmic ‘sacred’ – fountain overflows… pleasure  Creating a place, a mood, and a vision  The story doesn’t finish because the vision is more important  Tantalizing- unsatisfied desire and appetite for something. The price is our life  our world will get you out of tune. Harmony leads to vision/ joy  vision comes from delight and pleasure  melons- fruit with the most life  he has been back to the garden The rime of ancient mariner p.443  narrative of a wedding guest – someone stops him  the mariner tells him to sit and listen to a story  ship goes to the world of ice- the world that Coleridge is talking about  into the cold world comes a living creature- albatross-  Antarctic (south)- lifeless metaphorically and literally  the albatross is the only form of life  when he shot the albatross- he was wasting life and the benevolent sign of the albatross leaves the ship…. Metaphor for society killing life  albatross is inseparable from nature--- our own life  nature turns on mankind because of man’s crime on nature  blaming the mariner and the albatross both  we live in a land of plenty but never quenching our thirst  they believed that they were cursed  ghost ship prison (we have lost our freedom)  unable to slate thirst unable to speak unable to communicate  unable to have freedom unable to slate death  Life-in-Death (people who are really dead inside)  One of the 7deadly sins- sloth “acedia” which means spiritual dryness. It’s a deadly sin because it kills the soul  They all died on the ship except him  Hes become nothing but dust  Life is beauty- he blesses it. Deeming it sacred (recognize its life and wish it well). You cant bless without being blessed. This is the turning point in the poem  Putting yourself in the presence of god  By praying the curse is lifted  Everything is getting reversed p.452  The mariner finally gets home and stands on his own land  He is forced to tell his story to someone who needs it again and again  Prayer becomes a community venture instead of a solitary act  Know the last stanza** redefining prayer  DURING THE TEST WE WILL NEED TO SUMMARIZE Paper topic: write an essay on the idea of nature in 2 of the 3 poets (blake, wordsworth, Coleridge) Due oct 3 2-3 pages at least 2 quotes from each poet (brief) to prove their ideas 9/24/13 Coleridge cont. Dejection: An Ode (p. 479)  Feelings are the way to the truth  He wants to move and live- he doesn’t feel anything. No powerful feelings.  Nature and passion- sources of truth  People can deal with pain unless its pointless. People want meaning  A human being without a conscience is the most monstrous thing  Conscience doesn’t exist without passion and feeling  “I see, not feel, how beautiful they are”’  division between mind and heart  we make things come alive with our own lives  strong music in the soul- JOY  how do we love  the gap between sense and sensibility  if we rejoice in ourselves, everything else becomes a cause for celebrating  learns to accommodate  darker/wilder nature. A disorder that is alien to the spirit of peace and joy. At least it has power  a lost child crying for her mother – the humbled man. We are all lost children  it is in blessing, that we ourselves are blessed 10/1/13 George Gordon, Lord Byron what might be on the test  nature  childhood  passion  joy Test 2 George Gordon, Lord Byron  confused ameture philosophers.  Very pretentious  Usually didn’t give a shit  Very intelligent  Romantic in a new sense- if passion is they key… if it feels good do it  Radical liberal Written after swimming from Sestos to Abydos p. 616  Saw for the cause of erotic love  Swims for glory  He died and all Byron got was a cold  “heroic poetry” She walks in beauty p. 617  he compares her to something dark  she isn’t beautiful but she walks in beauty.. so she encompasses her  her thoughts and spirit are most beautiful  the joy of the woman is fascinating Don Juan p. 673  cast down into hell for his crimes against women  talking about women of his own day who pretend to be intellectual  deliberately inconsistent  satirizing marriage  satirizing the idle rich and nobility. Inquire to the troubles of other and rejoice at those troubles  sin- what we say we are going to do we don’t, and what we say we aren’t going to do, we do it .  we are ruled by passion and our desires  he is very contradictory, life is a mystery  we can be heros but we cannot be perfect  human nature- feels sick of Julia  when you put them in the lifeboat situation it become carnivorous  uses satire to improve behavior Byron- Don Juan - Mock epic - Satirizing society - Society represses people because they want to control them and maintain the power - Romantics want to escape the rules and restrictions of society - Society that’s repressive has a certain definition of a human being - Deep down in us are very powerful feelings which society tries to deny - According to Byron, there is a broad spectrum of what we are capable of as human beings ----- pg. 711 - Young woman is bringing him back to life—awakened with a kiss - Connection between beauty and life pg. 715 - She finds him attractive - Like an infant Juan sweetly slept - Her maternal instincts kick in - At the spectrum of human passion and feeling, there are maternal elements and all kinds of complex things going on in romantic and sexual relations - “And she bent o'er him, and he lay beneath, Hush'd as the babe upon its mother's breast,” - “For woman's face was never form'd in vain For Juan” H
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