Chapter 3: Conceptual Analysis & Disagreements
Statement 1: Jack loves Jill
Statement 2: Jack does not love Susan.
Principle of Non-contradiction: All sentences are either true or false, it can't
This argument is not contradictory
Principle of Excluded Middle: The sentence cannot be true and false.
Different ways to study love:
Jungian study/ Freudian Analysis
Requires: Conceptual Analysis (Philosophy of Love)
The study of het properties of objects and types
It should also explain what things are
Definition: rules that state the use of certain words.
a feeling of strong or constant affection for a person
attraction that includes sexual desire: etc etc
a person you love in a romantic way
An appropriate definition is not necessarily an appropriate analysis
"A person you love in a romantic way": circular definition. The word you are
trying to define is in the definition.
Circular reasoning: using the conclusion to prove the conclusion (God exists
because God exists. Valid argument, but not good)
What is the purpose of offering an analysis or definition?:
A good conceptual analysis provides an adequate guide for picking things out
object and properties.
It tells us, for every object, whether or not it is a particular type of thing or
exhibits a particular type of property.
It is possible for an analysis to sort objects more or less correctly and not really
capture what the thing in question is
A university student: A person who has been issued a university student card.
We can imagine that this gets the 'sorting' part right but it doesn't identify what really
makes a university student a university student
1. Sorting property: The predictive power of an analysis.
2. Explanatory Property: Answers the question of why that thing is
categorized in a certain way. What makes a good explanation?