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POL 201 (27)
Lecture

Executive Branch2.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL 201
Professor
Sylvia Thompson
Semester
Fall

Description
Executive Branch 11/30/2012 *Refer to Executive Branch handout for structure Bureaucrats help President carry out the laws 1883­ Civil Service System of permanent professional bureaucrats • • Office of Personnel management holds all of the applications and sends candidates over to  departments • People are hired because of their skills and ability to do the job, merit system, protected by the law, can  only be fired if they cannot do their job or if the job does not exist  • Specialize in something Spoils system continues to exist in the top  • 2400 people go in and come out with him, do not need to be approved by anyone • these people are loyal to him  • law allows this 600 people the President appoints if the Senate will give him approval • Bureaucracy put together over 200 years • big mess compared to other countries’ systems • patchwork of things being put together over time Executive Office of the President • all have to carry out some specific type of law • EXCEPT VP’s office • Almost all of these people were just hired from the President without asking approval • These are his policy advisors and speech writers, etc. Few permanent civil servants in these offices • Departments • Department of the State created by George Washington • We now have 15 executive departments, created by a law passed by congress and the president • Every department contains laws that it specializes in and helps the president carry out • Many offices within each department • President nominates the secretary and assistant secretary of each department and top people in each  office­ need senate approval • Hundreds of thousands of people who work for these departments that are part of the civil service  system Independent Executive Agencies • 40 of these today • president nominates director and assistant director of each of them for Senate approval  • like mini departments Independent Regulatory Commissions • usually for regulating business and industry’ • 16 of these today • each created by a law and helps carry out a specific type of law • independent from the president • commissioners of each have a set term in office and President cannot fire them • when President Obama came in, he was stuck with all of the people on the Federal Communications  Commission but as their terms run up, he may appoint new ones Government or partly government corporatio
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