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Lecture

pol notes 3.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL 201
Professor
Sylvia Thompson

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Description
It is hard to defeat an incumbent (someone running again) Political Party leadership is less powerful than they were in the early years • Conventions­ if you want to run for the senate, you need approval of people from  the party, not just leaders • When open to primaries, you get some Mavericks nominated, those who are not  fully in step with the ideals of the party  • Party nominees are not so ideologically pure • More diversity in candidates Candidates run their own elections much more than in other countries • Raise own money, get staff and volunteers • Have the help of their party but are more independent than in other parts of the  world Always had direct elections for House, have switched to direct elections for Senate • Can have as many terms as you are elected to • Some states made term limit laws for their specific House and Senate members;  the representatives and senators affected sued and it was deemed unconstitutional • We would have to amend the Constitution for a term limit • The House and Senate would have to propose this amendment – which would  never happen Presidential Election • 2 term limit o Elected FDR 4 times and after that they decided they no longer wanted  thindto happen o 22  Amendment deemed that President could only be elected to 2 year  terms • Indirect election o Article II, Section I – explains what electoral college is; chosen by state  legislators o People are not choosing the President, the states choose o Wanted to be sure that they got someone from the elite as President o Also thought that an election of the President nationwide would be  impossible to campaign for, and how would you count it? These were the  days of transportation by horse o Liked the idea of a President who was above politics o People choose state legislators ­> choose electors ­> choose President o Each state is given same number of electors as they have members in the  U.S. House and the U.S. Senate o Bigger states have more electors than smaller states have o Florida has 29 electors and this will only increase because our proportion  of US population is growing o Constitution requires a census 
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