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Lecture 13

PSY 110 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Julian Rotter, Psychoneuroimmunology, Cardiovascular Disease


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 110
Professor
Gillis
Lecture
13

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Emotions and Stress and Health
Ch 13 4/18
I. Emotions
A. Plutchik’s Wheel of Emotions
B. How do we know others’ emotions
Duchenne smile- Paul Ekman
T.V. show "Lie to Me"
C. How do we know our own emotions
(Three theories of the experience of
emotions)
1. James-Lange
2. Cannon-Bard
3. Schachter & Singer
The Suproxin study
D. Are Emotions taught?

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II. Stress = Psychological wear and tear on the
body due to the demands placed on it.
A. Sources of stress
1. Life Events(Holmes and Rahe,
1967) Checklist
Major Life-Events Checklist
2. Cognitive Appraisal Lazarus
3. Conflict decisions and choice
4. Frustration = Blocking of goal
directed behavior
5. Environmental Sources (heat,
humidity,noise, crowding)
particularly when:
unexpected
unpredictable
uncontrollable

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Glass and Singer study with noise and Addition
B. Physiological Reaction
Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome
(GAS)3 stages (Alarm, Resistance, Exhaustion)
Years of stress can lead to health
problems.
Fight or flight response suppresses the
Immune system.
C. Coping with Stress
1. Social Factors
a. Supportive relationships
b. Sense of belonging (to a group)
2. Cognitive factors (Lazarus again)
a. Problem vs. Emotion focus
b. Sense of commitment(to an idea)
c. Internal Locus of control
The I/E scale Julien Rotter, 1966
d. Having actual control
Rodin and Langer
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