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Lecture 40

PHIL 320A Lecture Notes - Lecture 40: Gender Equality

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- legal system and property rights is the most important function of government
- inflation reduces economic freedom
- freedom to exchange international is imperative to economic freedom
- government regulations reduce economic abilities
- countries with institutions and policies more consistent with economic freedom have higher
investment rates, more rapid economic growth, higher income levels, and a more rapid
reduction in poverty rate
- A number of other outcomes are more positive in economically free nations than in those that
lack economic freedom. For example: 1. Political and civil liberties are considerably higher in
economically free nations than in unfree nations 2. Gender equality is greater in economically
free nations 3. Happiness levels are higher in economically free nation
- Nations that are economically free out-perform non-free nations in indicators of well-being
- Anti-immigrant populist parties finding reinforces the view that support for populistic
nativist parties increases when the degree of economic freedom is low and the degree of social
protection is high
Famine, Affluence, and Morality by Peter Singer
- decisions and actions of human beings could reduce the suffering of the 9 million suffering
refuges in Benegal, but people have not responded to the situation in any specific way
- I shall argue that the way people in relatively affluent countries react to a situation like that in
Bengal cannot be justified; indeed, the whole way we look at moral issues-our moral
conceptual scheme needs to be altered, and with it, the way of life that has come to be taken
for granted in our society
- if it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing
anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it
- It requires us only to prevent what is bad, and not to promote what is good, and it requires this
of us only when we can do it without sacrificing anything that is, from the moral point of
view, comparably important
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