POL 150: Politics of Happiness - Lecture 1: Worldviews
Jared Perkins Lecture
● Shifts between pre-modern, modern & post modern
● World Views = philosophical
● What do we mean by “worldview?”
● What are “cultural values?”
● What do we mean by “pre-modern,” “modern,” and “post-modern?"
● Worldview: The comprehensive point of view or lens through which an individual or
society develops its understanding of the world. A worldview is shaped by values and
beliefs, and used to influence the development of areas like religion, war, government
● Why study world views? Explores:
○ How we receive or ‘take in’ info
○ How we process info
○ How we assign truth values
● The study of world views seeks to explore the values that influence an indidividual’s, a
culture’s or a society’s attempt to organize knowledge, or understanding of the world.
● An attempt to have a more comprehensive ‘larger picture’ view of what values influence
the development of political, economic, religious & philosophical thought processes.
●Pre-modern ———> Modern ————> Post modern ———>
● 1500’s 1900’s
● Enlightenment (one of the biggest shifts in global thinking) & Printing Press change each
● Printing press created an author & copyright
○ Knowledge or understanding is communal
○ passed down through myths
○ “chosen” elders/leaders, room for mystery and wrestling
○ Knowledge or understanding becomes influenced by the scientific process
○ The role & responsibility of the individual gains importance as the individual has
personal access to “truths” which are seen more as empirical, objective,
evidence based, testable, right or wrong.
○ knowledge or understanding returns to a more communal sense as the
individual’s experience is considered “biased.”
○ Combines the reliance on the individual mind with the communal/global
experience when attempting to gain understanding.