PSY 150A1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Rorschach Test, Humanistic Psychology, Self-Actualization

34 views2 pages
Psych 150: Structure of Mind and Behavior - Lecture 3: Personality Day 3
Everyday terms originated by Jung include which of the following? — D. Persona
● Humanistic
Optimistic approach to psychology—humanists want to focus on the “bright side”
E.g., spirituality, creativity & tolerance (your unique experience)
Rogers Person - Centered Theory
most innate tendency of humans is a drive towards becoming a fully
functioning person
Actualizing tendency, urge to expand, extend develop & mature
Why are there problems? — fully functioning people need to develop positive
ideas about yourself (positive self-concept)
2 types of personalities:
positive self-concept = fully functioning person
negative self-concept = maladjusted person
People sometimes attempt to impose conditions of worth on others
Humanistic psychology places much of the importance on self-concept
Incongruence — self-concept is not connected to real-self (flaws, actual
tendencies), also further removed is ideal self (what people tell us, who we might
want to be)
Congruence — open, authentic, communication in the way you present yourself
to the world matches what you think and feel at a deeper level
Moving towards congruence — identify reasonable goals, keep real self, ideal
self & self-concept close together
Abraham Maslow (1908-1970)
Self actualization — experiencing fully, vividly, selflessly, with full
concentration, and total absorption: moment of experiencing, the person
is wholly and fully human
Hierarchy of needs: (pyramid)
Need for self actualization (top)
Esteem Needs
Love, affection, and belongingness needs
Safety needs
Survival needs (bottom)
2 key themes:
people display consistency in their actions, thoughts and feelings
people differ from each other in many ways
How many traits are there? Trait theorists:
Allport (1930s) — infinite many traits
Cattell (1960s) — 16 traits
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.