PSYC 150A- Structure of Mind and Behavior - Lecture 2: Personality Day 2
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Psych 150: Structure of Mind and Behavior - Lecture 2: Personality Day 2
● Stages of: Psychosexual Development
○ Oral: birth to 18 months
■ Babies put everything in their mouths, etc
○ Anal: 18 to 36 months
■ sexual gratification is received by going to the bathroom—potty training.
■ Freud believed that successful this lead to creativity/productivity later in
■ If not approached correctly, child can be traumatized/bad traits can
develop, aka stingy, stubborn, obstinate, messy, etc.
○ Phallic: 3 to 6 years
■ Moves from anal to genital areas
■ Oedipal Complex (boys) — strong sexual attraction to their mom/angry
with father; rival with attention. If successfully resolved, then child is fully
■ Castration Anxiety (boys) — Fears father’s retaliation; castration.
■ Electra Complex (girls) — Girls blame mother for their lack of penis; angry
■ Penis Envy (girls) — Girls want father’s genitals, angry with mother.
○ Latency: 6 to puberty
■ Sexual energy is less predominant, kids turn to other interests, school,
friends, etc. until puberty.
○ Genital: puberty on
■ Freud believed not everyone made it to this last stage since some were
fixated in certain stages.
■ Sexual energy stays in genitals, pleasure is geared toward others/mutual
exchange of sexual experiences/altruistic. Caring for the other person as
well as wanting to gain from the relationship, etc.
○ Key Assumptions
■ Motives (especially unconscious motives) ——> Behavior
■ Interplay of inner conflicts & resolution ——> Personality
■ Personality set by adolescence
● The Neo-Freudians
○ Jung; Adler; Horney (female); Erickson are the main ‘founders.’ Each came up
with their own ideas regarding personalities.
○Carl Jung (1875-1961) “Freud’s Crown Prince"
○ Components of personality:
■ Conscious Ego
■ Personal Unconscious (combo of unconscious & pre-conscious)
■ 'Freud’s missing piece:' The Collective Unconscious.