PSY 150A1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Atypical Antipsychotic, Operant Conditioning, Chlorpromazine

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Psych 150: Structure of Mind and Behavior - Lecture 7: Therapies Day 3
Tuesday 9/30/14
Behavior Therapies
Classical Conditioning of Aversion
Goal is NOT to get rid of conditioned responses
Goal IS to acquire a conditioned response
Operant Conditioning Techniques - Change undesirable behavior by changing patterns
of reinforcement
Increase reinforcement after desired (alternative) behavior
Decrease reinforcement of undesired behavior
○ Examples:
Reducing childhood obesity
Reducing noncompliant behavior in children
Contingency Management
i.e. Time Out
Token Economies
Idea of reinforcing particular behaviors with something that can be
exchanged with something rewarding, a token (stickers, etc)
Stimulus Satiation
Give someone too much of something so they don’t like them
Cognitive Therapies
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) - Albert Ellis
Attempts to modify the irrational beliefs that cause distress
Confrontational and Directive (Ellis’s Model of Maladaptive Behavior)
Activating Event ——> Belief about event ——> Consequence
Common Irrational Beliefs
“I must be perfect”, “I have no control over my happiness"
“Everyone must love me”
“It is catastrophic when things don’t go as planned"
Beck’s Cognitive (Behavioral) Therapy (CBT)
Automatic Thoughts - thoughts people have about life and the self that may be
unreasonable but are accepted as accurate
Automatic thoughts create depression and anxiety
Goal: teach clients to control their thoughts
Group Therapies
Features of Group Therapy
Therapist can see clients interacting
Client realizes others have the same difficulties
Group members can boost each others’ self-confidence and self-acceptance
Clients learn from one another
Clients more willing to share feelings and are more sensitive to others
Clients can test new skills in a supportive environment
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