PSY 150A1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Psych, 18 Months, Preconscious

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Psych150:StructureofMindandBehaviorLecture1:Personalities
Tuesday9/2/14
Personality
● Personality:Individual’scharacteristicpatternsofbehaving,thinkingandfeeling
GroupsofPersonalityTheories:
● PsychoanalyticPerspective(Freud)—personalityisresidingintheunconscious.
Dynamicsthathappenfromcompetinginternalforces.
○ Freud(18561939)
○ 3levelsofawareness:
■ Conscious,
■ Preconscious,(onewaymentalgatetounconscious)
■ Unconscious
○ 3systemsofpersonality:
■ IDPleasurePrinciple(presentatbirth),
■ EgoRealityPrinciple(Dealswithreality;getsID’sneedsmetwithoutbad
consequences),
■ SuperegoConscience&Ideal(whatyourparentsteachyou,rightfrom
wrong,
○ AnxietysignalsUnconsciousdesire,impuse,ortraumaisabouttoemergeinto
consciousness—>alertsegotodanger—>defensemechanisms
Mechanism
Characteristic
Repression
Blockingawishordesirefromconsciousexpression
Denial
Refusingtobelieveareality
Projection
Attributinganunconsciousimpulse,attitude,orbehaviorto
another
Reaction
formation
Expressinganimpulsebyitsopposite
Regression
Returningtoanearlierformofexpressinganimpulse
Displacement
Satisfyinganimpulsewithasubstituteobject
○ Mechanismsbreakdown——>Psychologicalproblems
○ Stagesof:PsychosexualDevelopment
■ Oral:birthto18months(babiesputeverythingintheirmouths,etc)
■ Anal:18to36months(
■ Phallic:3to6years
■ Latency:6topuberty
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