PSY 352 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Psy, Old Age, Operant Conditioning

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Behaviorism: response to frustrations with psychoanalysis behaviorism: branch of psychology focused on observable behaviors. Watson inspired by research on conditioning conditioning: making mental associations/pairings: role of learning source of all human psychology classical conditioning: creating an association between 2 external stimuli. Studied digestion in dogs unconditioned stimulus (us): something that elicits an automatic response. Pavlov: food unconditioned response (ur): automatic behavior elicited by us. Pavlov: salivation due to food conditioned stimulus (cs): neutral stimulus that gets paired with the us. Pavlov: bell conditioned response (cr): learned response that is automatically elicited by cs. Pavlov: salivation due to bell operant conditioning: creating an association between behavior and consequences. B. f. skinner (1904-1990): (cid:498)radical behaviorist(cid:499) operant chamber: (aka. Personality applications of conditioning: locus of control locus of control: extent to which a person believes they can control events that affect them (e. g. failing an exam) internal loc: attribute outcomes to self, abilities, choices.

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