ARHS 2913 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Byzantine Art, Clerestory, Hieratic

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"New%Rome"%-Constantine%in%power,%Constantinople
Religious%images%used%as%aids%in%prayer
Early%Byzantine%
Dome
Clerestory%lighting
Hagia%Sophia,%532-537%CE
§
Dark,%with%flickers%of%light%catching%on%the%ash%in%the%air
Ritual%spaces,%meant%to%enhance%the%spiritual%experience%
§
Builds%lots%of%new%churches%
Justinian%-Christianity%becomes%official%religion,%unifies%church%and%state
Clear%role%as%head%of%church%and%state
§
Emperor%Justinian%and%His%Attendants,%547%CE,%North%Wall%of%Hagia%Sophia
Empress%Theodora%and%Her%Attendants,%547%CE,%South%Wall%of%Hagia%Sophia
Frescos
Divorce%laws%improved%so%woman%could%leave%bad%men
§
Rape%punishable%by%death
§
Woman%could%own%property
§
Safe%havens%for%women%in%need
§
Illegal%to%entice%a%woman%into%prostitution%
§
Fought%for%the%rights%of%women
Theodora
Cross%in%the%center%of%the%composition%
A%hand%coming%down%from%above%with%Elijah%and%Moses%on%either%side
3%sheep,%one%on%the%left,%two%on%the%right%-Peter,%James,%and%John
12%sheep%-apostles%
Hieratic% -symbolic,%decorative%representation%
No%sense%of%depth
Transfiguration%of%Christ,%533-549%CE
Jesus%has%full%body%halo%-mandorla
Moses%and%Elijah
John%peter%and%Paul
12%apostles
No%sense%of%ground
The%Transfiguration%of%Christ,%548-565%CE,%Church%of%the%Virgin,%mosaic
Made%of%vellum
Part%of%Isaac's%story,%Abraham's%son
§
Continuous%narrative
§
Page%with%Rebecca%at%the%Well,%6th%century%CE
Illuminated%manuscripts
5th-early%8th%century%CE
Leo%III%-726%CE%-ordered%religious%images%be%destroyed
Elaborate%arches%decorated%in%elaborate%gold%biblical%scenes%
§
Monastery%of%Hosios%Loukas,%early%11th%cent.%CE,%Greece%%
Absurd%amount%of%wealth
§
Cathedral%of%Saint%Mark,%1063%CE,%Venice
Cathedral%of%Santa%Sophia,%1017-1037%CE,%Ukraine
Empire%expanded%to%include%Greece% which%was%creating%Hellenistic% art
Mary%and%john%flank%Jesus%on%the%cross
Heightened%emotionalism%
Crucifixion,%late%11th%cent.%CE
§
Mosaics
Tempera%painting%of%the%virgin%Mary%and%Christ%child
§
Little%man%baby
§
Virgin%of%Vladimir,%12th%cent.%CE
Theodora%undoes%this
Performative%aspect%of%viewing%these%works%lent%power%to%the%works%and%the%spiritual%experience
Idea%that%what%you%were%experience%was%the%subject%of%the%works%becoming%again%in%to%the%space
Strong%connection%between%viewing%and%touching%
Middle%Byzantine
1261-1453%CE
Power%deteriorated,%minimalized%
Jesus%going%to%hell%to%bring%back%Adam%and%Eve
Dramatic
Anastasis,%1315-21%CE
§
Church%of%the%monastery%of%Christ%in%Chora,%1315-21%CE,%Constantinople%
Churches%
Angels%visiting%Abraham%
Hieratic,%emphasis%on%stylization,%strange%sense%of%space
Efforts%made%to%make%it%readable%in%the%dark%
Andrey%Rublyov,%The%Old%Testament%Trinity,%1410-20%CE,%Russia
Late%Byzantine
Byzantine)Art
Thursday,% October%6,%2016
9:31%AM
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"New%Rome"%-Constantine%in%power,%Constantinople
Religious%images%used%as%aids%in%prayer
Early%Byzantine%
Dome
Clerestory%lighting
Hagia%Sophia,%532-537%CE
§
Candle%and%incense
Dark,%with%flickers%of%light%catching%on%the%ash%in%the%air
Ritual%spaces,%meant%to%enhance%the%spiritual%experience%
§
Builds%lots%of%new%churches%
Justinian%-Christianity%becomes%official%religion,%unifies%church%and%state
Clear%role%as%head%of%church%and%state
§
Emperor%Justinian%and%His%Attendants,%547%CE,%North%Wall%of%Hagia%Sophia
Empress%Theodora%and%Her%Attendants,%547%CE,%South%Wall%of%Hagia%Sophia
Frescos
Divorce%laws%improved%so%woman%could%leave%bad%men
§
Rape%punishable%by%death
§
Woman%could%own%property
§
Safe%havens%for%women%in%need
§
Illegal%to%entice%a%woman%into%prostitution%
§
Fought%for%the%rights%of%women
Theodora
Cross%in%the%center%of%the%composition%
A%hand%coming%down%from%above%with%Elijah%and%Moses%on%either%side
3%sheep,%one%on%the%left,%two%on%the%right%-Peter,%James,%and%John
12%sheep%-apostles%
Hieratic% -symbolic,%decorative%representation%
No%sense%of%depth
Transfiguration%of%Christ,%533-549%CE
Jesus%has%full%body%halo%-mandorla
Moses%and%Elijah
John%peter%and%Paul
12%apostles
No%sense%of%ground
The%Transfiguration%of%Christ,%548-565%CE,%Church%of%the%Virgin,%mosaic
Made%of%vellum
Part%of%Isaac's%story,%Abraham's%son
§
Continuous%narrative
§
Page%with%Rebecca%at%the%Well,%6th%century%CE
Illuminated%manuscripts
5th-early%8th%century%CE
Leo%III%-726%CE%-ordered%religious%images%be%destroyed
Elaborate%arches%decorated%in%elaborate%gold%biblical%scenes%
§
Monastery%of%Hosios%Loukas,%early%11th%cent.%CE,%Greece%%
Absurd%amount%of%wealth
§
Cathedral%of%Saint%Mark,%1063%CE,%Venice
Cathedral%of%Santa%Sophia,%1017-1037%CE,%Ukraine
Empire%expanded%to%include%Greece% which%was%creating%Hellenistic% art
Mary%and%john%flank%Jesus%on%the%cross
Heightened%emotionalism%
Crucifixion,%late%11th%cent.%CE
§
Mosaics
Tempera%painting%of%the%virgin%Mary%and%Christ%child
§
Little%man%baby
§
Virgin%of%Vladimir,%12th%cent.%CE
Theodora%undoes%this
Performative%aspect%of%viewing%these%works%lent%power%to%the%works%and%the%spiritual%experience
Idea%that%what%you%were%experience%was%the%subject%of%the%works%becoming%again%in%to%the%space
Strong%connection%between%viewing%and%touching%
Middle%Byzantine
1261-1453%CE
Power%deteriorated,%minimalized%
Jesus%going%to%hell%to%bring%back%Adam%and%Eve
Dramatic
Anastasis,%1315-21%CE
§
Church%of%the%monastery%of%Christ%in%Chora,%1315-21%CE,%Constantinople%
Churches%
Angels%visiting%Abraham%
Hieratic,%emphasis%on%stylization,%strange%sense%of%space
Efforts%made%to%make%it%readable%in%the%dark%
Andrey%Rublyov,%The%Old%Testament%Trinity,%1410-20%CE,%Russia
Late%Byzantine
Byzantine)Art
Thursday,% October%6,%2016 9:31%AM
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