Class Notes (807,726)
United States (312,770)
Sociology (24)
SOCI 1010 (20)
Dr.Orr (9)
Lecture 12

SOCI 1010 Lecture 12: Sociology Chapter 12 Family and Human Sexuality

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Memphis
SOCI 1010

Sociology Chapter 12: The Family and Human Sexuality Family • There is no solid agreeable definition of family • The traditional American family is not the same anymore for us now or compared to another culture • Family is a social institution, meaning a system of behavioral and relationship patterns that are densely interwoven and enduring, and function across an entire society. Family Composition • Assumptions about families: o there will be two parents o a single parents causes the children to grow up off or troublesome o ideal type family exists when there is no such thing o Assume there is a male and female parents in the home, but there is same-sex families now • Nuclear family: a married couple and their children living together; ideal family; larger family groups are built upon o Ex: The Cosby Show or The Brady Brunch o Came from a census data in the 1950s o Average assumption, not meant to be ideal for everyone • Extended family: when the parents, children, and other relatives are all living together. o Ex: grandparents, uncles, aunts, and cousins • Monogamy: a form of marriage in which an individual has only one partner o Traditional, ideal • Polygamy: an individual has several husbands or wives simultaneously o Common form for families hundreds of years ago o Polygyny: when a marriage has one man and multiple women ▪ Women consider themselves sister wives ▪ Expected to hold similar values and have experience sharing a household o Polyandry: a marriage where a women has multiple husbands ▪ Very rare today • Serial monogamy: a person may have several spouses in a lifetime, but not at the same time o multiple marriages, divorces, or death partings Kinship Patterns • Kinship: the state of being related to others o Culturally learned, not determined by biological or marital ties o Bilateral descent: both sides of a person's family are regarded as equal ▪ Ties by history; going down history timeline; what we use often times now o Patrilineal: only the father's relatives are significant in terms of property, inheritance, and emotional ties o Matrilineal: only the mother's relatives are significant ▪ Rarely used now Authority Patterns • Patriarchy: a society that expects males to dominate in all family decision making o Father does the whippings and punishing for children • Matriarchy: women have greater authority than men o Indians used this form of authority o Women were looked down upon and refused to have business done with by early settlers o Rarely seen now • Egalitarian family: spouses are regarded as equals o Women hold authority in some spheres, men has authority in other areas o Believe that this is replacing the original patriarchy Sociological Perspectives 2 • Functionalist: the family performs 6 different functions; found in every society (universal/ form might be different) o Replacing personnel: reproduction, contributes to human survival o Protection: protects its members; upbringing of
More Less

Related notes for SOCI 1010

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.