CPSY 417 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Affective Neuroscience, Iatrogenesis, Medical Model

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Class 9: May 29
Prevention and
Community
Intervention
Universal
Broadest Approach
Target whole population (schools, community)
Example: Michelle Obama’s “Lets Move”
Selective
Target individuals or populations at greater risk of developing a
disorder
Target biological, psychological, or social risk factors
Example: substance use prevention support groups for children with
a family history of substance use
Indicated
Target high risk individuals who are identified as having signs or
symptoms
Focus on immediate risk/protective factors present in the
enviroment
Example: providing condoms and HIV testing for youth who have
initiated sexual activitiy
Why
Prevention?
Improvement of social and emotional well being
Reduced health problems
Cost-benefit of the intervention
Wide-spread understanding of protective and risk factors
Evidence-Based
Practice
What goes into EBP?
Efficiacy Trials
Randomized Control Trial (RCT) with treatement group and
control group
Effectiveness Traisl
Real World Conditions
Overview
Documented effectiveness
Medical model
All practical and clinical decisions should be based on
empirical evidence obtained through research studies
Many insurance companies cover costs based on type of service
provided
Minimizes presence of iatrogenic effects
Unintended negative consequences from the intervention
intended to help
Prevention
Science
Multidisciplinary field (), focused on understanding human
development, preventing behavioral and health problems
Implementing effective interventions in community settings
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