FHS 213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Mary Ainsworth, Object Permanence, Egocentrism

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Family Life Cycle
Defining a family
Variety of definitions
Traditional view: married heterosexual couple with children
There is no typical family
Dual-career family are common
Unlike 1950s ideals
Reversed role families
Other family forms
Single-parent families
Gay/lesbian families
Three-generation families
Legal definition: "A group of individuals who share ties of blood, marriage, or adoption;
a group residing together and consisting of parents, children, and other relatives by
blood or marriage; a group of individuals residing together who have consented to an
arrangement similar to ties of blood or marriage"
Impact of early development
First 2-3 years of a child's life are the most influential
Responsive nurturing environment fosters brain development
Parents are around to help so brain develops rapidly
Mary Ainsworth strange situation experiment
Linked to a variety of long term outcomes
Secure attachment is the most common form of attachment across cultures
Some cultures value children who obey commands over seeking comfort
Leads to insecure attachment
Children with disabilities may show atypical attachment
Child misinterprets mother's signals
Attachment styles
Secure attachment (loving parents)
Sees parents as a secure base
Child is confident that parents will meet their needs
As an adult:
Secure and connected to other adults
Freedom in relationships
Avoidant attachment (rejecting parents)
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