PSY 306 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Garrison Keillor

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Attitudes and Consistency
Positive Illusions
Where everyone is better than average - Garrison Keillor
Most people don’t know they’re biased
Why do we give biased responses?
Unconscious self-protective mechanisms
Have unreasonably high self-esteem
Others don’t give us negative feedback
Think of how your friends would answer about you
Have more insights into your own attempts to be a good friend
We choose how to define comparison dimension?
David Dunning’s research on Change of Standards
(Ross and Sicoly, 1979)
Married couples rated how much they and their spouses took
responsibility for 20 household tasks
On average, subjects thought they were more responsible
for handling 16 of 20
Remembered more examples of own behavior
This correlated with estime of responsibility, can explain
cognitively and motivationally
(Epley and Whitchurch, 2008)
Esteem: to regard with respect, how you feel about ourself
Do other things have opinions of themselves? Why do we
think ours are accurate?
What does self-esteem do for us?
Sociometer Hypothesis: we carry around societys
standards, so if we meet those, we’ll be accepted by others
Helps to protect us and cope with negative events
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