PSY 306 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Culture Change, Natural Selection

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Published on 10 Aug 2019
Department
Course
Class 13: Close Relationship
Understanding
Relationships:
Cultural Context
Cultural Context
Ratios of men to women
Religion
Ethnicity and Race
Socioeconomic Status
Societal Norms
Age
Understanding
Relationships:
Basic Biology
Evolutionary Influences
Natural selection for adaptive mechanisms
Men and women faced different reproductive challenges
Culture change occurs faster than evolution
Evolutionary Psychology
Intersexual selection (M vs. F; F vs. M): preferential choice of
what is desirable in mates
Triver’s parental investment theory: women invest
heavily in each offspring so maximize mate value
Men invest very little and should therefore maximize
mating opportunities
Intrasexual competition (M vs. M, F vs. F): members of the same
sex compete with each other for resources in order to attract
mates
J & J’s Experiences
and Individual
Differences
Individual Differences and Prior Experience
Gender and sex differences
Personality differences
Other dispositional differences
Relationship histories
Attachment Style (Bartholomew)
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Unique
Combination of J &
J
Higher #s = More disclosure
Shelly = low of self-disclosure
George = low on self disclosure
Shelly and George’s relationship has high levels of self-
disclosure
Love
Triangular Theory of Love (Sternberg)
Three components of love
Intimacy: feelings of warmth and closeness (emotional
component)
Passion: physical arousal and desire (motivational
component)
Commitment: decision to stay in relationship and work to
maintain it (cognitive/behavioral component)
Types of Relationships
Passionate Love: Rubin’s 1973 Love Scale
If I could never be with my partner, I would be
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