PH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Subcutaneous Tissue, Calorie, Adipose Tissue

17 views1 pages
29 Apr 2018
Lecture 22: Obesity
-excess fat is stored in lipocytes
-women tend to underreport their weight more than men do (they say they weigh less than they
actually do)
-some underdeveloped countries have problems with both obesity and malnutrition
-wasting means not getting enough calories to support growth and losing fat stores as a result
-stunting in growth has decreased over the years
-prevalence of overweight children has increased
-obesity is an excess of body adiposity
-subcutaneous fat is stored under the skin (and is not necessarily as harmful)
-ectopic fat is stored in the organs where there is supposed to be little more likely to cause
-BMI= weight in kg/(height in m)^2, or [weight in lb/(height in inches)^2] x 703
-one calorie is equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of water
by one degree Celsius at one atmospheric pressure
-1000 calories=1 C=1 kilocalorie
-thermogenic effect of food….stimulation of metabolism that occurs for 3-6 hours after digestion
of a meal (your body uses some of these calories in the process of digesting food)
-resting metabolic right: the minimal energy expenditure of an awake individual
-energy requirements= RMR (resting metabolic rate) + TEF (thermogenic effect of food) + PA
(physical activity)+ thermogenesis (regulating body temperature)
-over time, our energy intake has increased while our energy expenditure has decreased
-contributing factors: extra energy intake, composition of diet, energy output, gut microbiota,
-food environment: easy availability of calorie-dense, cheap, good-tasting foods. Larger portions,
supersizing, no time to prepare food, which leads to eating out and eating prepackaged or fast
-physical activity environment: reductions in jobs requiring physical labor
-being overweight/obese increases risk of hypertension, stroke, type 2 diabetes, gallbladder
disease, sleep apnea, breast cancer, and all-cause and cause-specific mortality
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 1 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.