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Lecture 5

PSY 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Solomon Shereshevsky, Long-Term Memory, PsyPremium


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 101
Professor
Christopher Niemiec
Lecture
5

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PSY 101:Intro to Psychology: Lecture 5: The Mind,memory, and its Importance
Why do we forget?
lurias observations of solomon shereshevskii- got in trouble because he only
listen during work rather than taking notes but had great memory and could not
forget any information and was unable to generalize and order his thoughts and
evaluate. Without being able to forget we would have out of date information.
Reasons for forgetting- encoding, the idea that some info though we perceive
through sense the info never gets encoded to long term memory, means that the
info seems to be useless.
proactive- prior info we have inhibits the ability to recall new information.
retroactive- learning of new materials disrupt our ability to recall information that
was previously learned
Thinking
homosapiens meaning wise humans. Nut are we rational or irrational
Concepts refer to mental grouping of similar person ,objects, events, places.
semantic networks- connecting informaion into certain patterns to help us
remember.
priming concepts- Makes thoughts easier to acsess , but usually only last for
about 24 hours.
meyer and schvaneveldt- pairs of letter strings and asked to decided whether
both strings formed a word. Some trials the words were related such as nurse
and doctor and other trials were not related such as bread and doctor
How do we solve problems?
when presented with the problem, we have a solution in our mind but when we
don't have the solution we need to find new way to solve the problem.
Represented in mental images that we keep on how to solve a problem.
mental models- tools on how things work and for reasoning and allow us
diagnose a problem quickly and accuracy and respond to a problem quickly.
trial and error
hit and miss method in which we solve problems
algorithms
procedures in which are guaranteed to produce a solution and problem is that
you must try different solutions until you find the right one...effective not
proficient.
heuristics
mental shortcuts and rules of thumb that may or may not led to correct solution.
insight
solutions seems to pop into one's mind all of a sudden but it arises when we
relax our approach and switch from approach.
blind spots
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