PSY 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Erick Erickson, Moral Reasoning, PsyPremium
SchoolUniversity of Rochester
Course CodePSY 101
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PSY 101:Intro to Psychology: Lecture 8: Development in adolescence and adulthood
●Development: Adolescence and Adulthood
○ Different views on development
■ Early views on development
● Traits are established and set in childhood.
■ Current views on development
● Human development is a lifelong process. Infancy and childhood
are informative in some ways.
○ The period of transition between childhood and adulthood
■ begins with puberty and correlates with a social event such as
independence from ones parents.
○ Historical changes in conceptualization
■ WW1 and WW2
● Teenagers were described as competent and responsible
individuals. During this time adolescence was between the ages of
13-16 because males were sent off to war or the factories.
○ Rites of initiation to adolescence
■ African thongas
● when boys reach puberty, first they are beaten with clubs, then
stripped of clothes and bodies are shamed and are exposed to
cold, eat unsavory foods, circumcised, then occluded for about 3
■ Native Americans
● When girls menstruate they are bathed by the elders and their
bodies are painted red by adult women, and are isolated for 4
■ United states
● Conformation, sweet 16, bar mitzvahs, and initiations done in the
● Cognitive Development
○ Cognitive growth spurt
■ Adolescents who mature early, show a higher intelligence performance
rather than those who mature later.
○ Moral reasoning- Way people try to solve moral dilemmas
■ Children develop capacity for abstract thought. Allows for a more mature
form of moral reasoning. Young children tend to take rules literally
meaning things are either right or wrong, moral or immoral, therefore
children tend to ignore peoples intentions and motives.
■ At age 11 children tend to view rules more flexibly and so they view
people motives on why they do what they do.
● Stages of thought
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