BIOL 134 Lecture Notes - Lecture 31: Chlamydia Trachomatis, Intracellular Parasite, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

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18 Nov 2016
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Gram negative cocci that include two serious pathogens. Few gram negative cocci to be found in humans; usually neisseria. Main type of meningitis that can cause epidemics. Mostly causes sporadic cases in children <2 years of age. Causes occasional outbreaks in school dorms, military barracks. In cases of meningitis, permanent damage may occur. One of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Name from greek: gon = semen, rhea = flow. Women are 3 times more likely to become infected on exposure. For those who show symptoms, 2-7 days incubation. Infection of throat, eyes, rectum, urethra, cervix possible. Large amounts of pus in the eye. Can cause sterility, with or without symptoms. Bacteria migrate to joints and cause inflammation. Bacteria invade certain types of epithelium (columnar) Immune cells rush to the site of infection (generates pain) Tissue damage results from local inflammatory response. Gram negative cocci inside white blood cells. Contains species that cause many significant diseases.

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