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HIST 130 (28)
Lecture 15

HIST 130 Lecture 15: March 10th
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Department
HIST - History
Course
HIST 130
Professor
Melissa Dale
Semester
Spring

Description
March 10th Friday, March 10, 20111:49 AM • Outline ○ Korean politics and society (1800 -1864) ○ The arrival of imperialism ○ Early reforms 1-1884 ○ The Tonghak rebellion and thoJapanese war • Korean Politics ○ 1800-1864 ○ Young heirs come to the throne under regencies ○ Politics dominated by kings wives relatives ○ Importance under dowager queen § Widowed queen • Social changes ○ 1800-1864 ○ Population leveled off and decreased § Cholera, deforestation -> flooding ○ New social groups emerging --intermediate groups § The decedents of concubines ○ Emancipation of government slaves 1801 § The dowager regent will free 67,000 official slaves □ But not the ones working I local offices □ Slavery will not be abolished in Korea till 1893 ○ Renewed persecution of Catholics § Late 18th c., Catholicism brought to Korea § 1801, Hwang Saeyoung's letter to the pope § 1839, 3 French missionaries execute § Where do the loyalties lay § Did not want Christianity spreading • The arrival of imperialism: ○ King Kojong § 1864-1907 § Age 12 whe ascended the throne Taewōn-hun (grand prince) § □ Served as regent § 1832, lord Amherst § 1845 □ British warship March 10th Friday, March 10, 20111:49 AM • Outline ○ Korean politics and society (1800 -1864) ○ The arrival of imperialism ○ Early reforms 1-1884 ○ The Tonghak rebellion and thoJapanese war • Korean Politics ○ 1800-1864 ○ Young heirs come to the throne under regencies ○ Politics dominated by kings wives relatives ○ Importance under dowager queen § Widowed queen • Social changes ○ 1800-1864 ○ Population leveled off and decreased § Cholera, deforestation -> flooding ○ New social groups emerging --intermediate groups § The decedents of concubines ○ Emancipation of government slaves 1801 § The dowager regent will free 67,000 official slaves □ But not the ones working I local offices □ Slavery will not be abolished in Korea till 1893 ○ Renewed persecution of Catholics § Late 18th c., Catholicism brought to Korea § 1801, Hwang Saeyoung's letter to the pope § 1839, 3 French missionaries execute § Where do the loyalties lay § Did not want Christianity spreading • The arrival of imperialism: ○ King Kojong § 1864-1907 § Age 12 whe ascended the throne Taewōn-hun (grand prince) § □ Served as regent § 1832, lord Amherst § 1845 □ British warship § Age 12 whe ascended the throne § Taewōn-hun (grand prince) □ Served as regent § 1832, lord Amherst § 1845 □ British warship § Taewon-gun's program of reform □ 1864 major year, in Korea's 19th c □ Program of reform □ Goal: strengthen monarchy and power of central government □ Minted new currency □ New household tax -taxed yangban and commoners □ Anti-corruption □ Appts, based o merit and ability □ Opposition from conservative Confucians □ The genera Sherman 1866 ® The summer they sailed into Korea ® Ordered the ship out of the waters and they got stuck in the water ® Americans were frustrated □ Catholic purge of 1866 ® 20000 people to Christianity ® 9 French priest to leave ◊ 50+ executed ◊ French a punitive expedition Helped trigger the arrival of imperialism in Korea } } Came in with 7 ships and 600 people } Sent 1000 Korean troops } Americans responded to Sherman incident – May 1871 --5 years later ® Potential threat: Japan ◊ 1869, Koreans offended by the idea of imperial restoration ◊ "resist heterodoxy and uphold orthodoxy" ◊ Focus: maintain purity of Confucian civilization ◊ Japan's "conquer Korea" debate in ◊ Unyo battle ◊ Treaty provisions } Turning point – Japans 1st modern treaty – Ended isolation – Undermined tributary system – Began Japanese penetration into Korea ® Early reforms ◊ Increased factional conflict ◊ Korea to adopt the self strengthening model § Age 12 whe ascended the throne § Taewōn-hun (grand prince) □ Served as regent § 1832, lord Amherst § 1845 □ British warship § Taewon-gun's program of reform □ 1864 major year, in Korea's 19th c □ Program of reform □ Goal: strengthen monarchy and power of central government □ Minted new currency □ New household tax -taxed yangban and commoners □ Anti-corruption □ Appts, based o merit and ability □ Opposition from conservative Confucians □ The genera Sherman 1866 ® The summer they sailed into Korea ® Ordered the ship out of the waters and they got stuck in the water ® Americans were frustrated □ Catholic purge of 1866 ® 20000 people to Christianity ® 9 French priest to leave ◊ 50+ executed ◊ French a punitive expedition Helped trigger the arrival of imperialism in Korea } } Came in with 7 ships and 600 people } Sent 1000 Korean troops } Americans
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