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HIST 130 (28)
Lecture 25

HIST 130 Lecture 25: April 10th
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8 Pages
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Department
HIST - History
Course Code
HIST 130
Professor
Melissa Dale

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April 10th Monday, April 10, 2017 11:40 AM • President Eisenhower visited Taiwan ○ June 18th 1960 ○ Only president to visit while in office • Diplomatic challenges early 1970s ○ Us-PRC rapprochement ○ 1971, US supported PRC in bid for UN seat ○ ROC lost its seat ○ Feb 21,1972, Nixon's trip to Beijing ○ Shanghai communique § Progressive withdrawal of troops from Taiwan • April 1975: ○ Death of CKS ○ Succeeded by Vp Yen Chiakan (according to constitution) ○ Decision making power held by CKS's son • Korea: ○ Liberation, war & creation of separate nations • Outline: ○ Liberation ○ Trusteeship ○ Est. of the republic of Korea (Rok) & DPRK ○ The Korean war • The Cairo Declaration ○ The Koreans should be under a trusteeship § In due course: □ Roosevelt meant 40 years Reduced to 30 then 4-5 in 1943 ® • Timeline-- August 1945 ○ Aug 6: § Us drops bomb on Hiroshima ○ Aug 8 § Su declares war on japan ○ Aug 9 § Us drops bomb on Nagasaki ○ Aug 13 § Truman accepts the 38th parallel sent to Moscow and it was accepted § Cut Korea into two separate nations April 10th Monday, April 10, 2017 11:40 AM • President Eisenhower visited Taiwan ○ June 18th 1960 ○ Only president to visit while in office • Diplomatic challenges early 1970s ○ Us-PRC rapprochement ○ 1971, US supported PRC in bid for UN seat ○ ROC lost its seat ○ Feb 21,1972, Nixon's trip to Beijing ○ Shanghai communique § Progressive withdrawal of troops from Taiwan • April 1975: ○ Death of CKS ○ Succeeded by Vp Yen Chiakan (according to constitution) ○ Decision making power held by CKS's son • Korea: ○ Liberation, war & creation of separate nations • Outline: ○ Liberation ○ Trusteeship ○ Est. of the republic of Korea (Rok) & DPRK ○ The Korean war • The Cairo Declaration ○ The Koreans should be under a trusteeship § In due course: □ Roosevelt meant 40 years Reduced to 30 then 4-5 in 1943 ® • Timeline-- August 1945 ○ Aug 6: § Us drops bomb on Hiroshima ○ Aug 8 § Su declares war on japan ○ Aug 9 § Us drops bomb on Nagasaki ○ Aug 13 § Truman accepts the 38th parallel sent to Moscow and it was accepted § Cut Korea into two separate nations § Su declares war on japan Aug 9 ○ § Us drops bomb on Nagasaki ○ Aug 13 § Truman accepts the 38th parallel sent to Moscow and it was accepted § Cut Korea into two separate nations □ Arbitrary line chosen by staff offices. Kind or in half and wanted Seoul in the south ○ Aug 15 § Japanese surrender □ Most Koreans shocked □ Most thought Korea would be independent □ Sept 6th ® Korean peoples republic (KPR) established § Sept 6th 1945: □ Establishment of Korean peoples republic (KPR) □ Return of exiled leaders ○ Arrival of US forces § Sept 8 1945 § General john r hodge § Did not meet delegation from K--suspicious § Us army government military in Korea (USAMGIK) (sept -aug 15 1948) § Korean democratic party (KDP) ○ Moscow conference: Dec 27 1945 § § A power trusteeship (us, USSR, china, Britain) -5 years4 § Korean response ○ Soviet union in north § Communists ordered to support trusteeship § Different groups communists § CHO Man-sik as interim leader § Kim II Sung replaced Cho □ 1946-47 ® Land reform ◊ Individual family farmers ® Industry nationalized ® Educational reform ® Women given equality ○ Strikes & riots _>> martial law 1945 § Jun 1946 trade unions banned § Sept 24th 1945 Pusan railway strikes □ Many lost their lives because of the method taken by police ○ American-soviet union commission: § March 1946 & April -July 1947 § Worked out terms of trusteeship § Su declares war on japan Aug 9 ○ § Us drops bomb on Nagasaki ○ Aug 13 § Truman accepts the 38th parallel sent to Moscow and it was accepted § Cut Korea into two separate nations □ Arbitrary line chosen by staff offices. Kind or in half and wanted Seoul in the south ○ Aug 15 § Japanese surrender □ Most Koreans shocked □ Most thought Korea would be independent □ Sept 6th ® Korean peoples republic (KPR) established § Sept 6th 1945: □ Establishment of Korean peoples republic (KPR) □ Return of exiled leaders ○ Arrival of US forces § Sept 8 1945 § General john r hodge § Did not meet delegation from K--suspicious § Us army government military in Korea (USAMGIK) (sept -aug 15 1948) § Korean democratic party (KDP) ○ Moscow conference: Dec 27 1945 § § A power trusteeship (us, USSR, china, Britain) -5 years4 § Korean response ○ Soviet union in north § Communists ordered to support trusteeship § Different groups communists §
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