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HIST 130 (28)
Lecture 29

HIST 130 Lecture 29: April 24th
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Department
HIST - History
Course
HIST 130
Professor
Melissa Dale
Semester
Spring

Description
April 24th Monday, April 24, 201711:47 AM • The republic of Korea: • Outline: ○ South Korea under Syngman Rhee ○ Park Chung Hee: Authoritarian State & economic development ○ Chun Doo military regime • What is a cold war? ○ No large scale fighting • ROK 1953 ○ 1953 coming out of 3 years of war ○ Desperation ○ Separation of families ○ Gov focus on reconstruction and recovery • Urbanization: ○ More people in the cities than ever before in South Korea ○ People in countryside were much more conservative ○ ROK mutual defense treaty: § Signed 2 months after the Korean war § Commitment that the US would insure the security of south Korea after the war § Stationed forces in south Korea because of this • Rhee Holds onto power: ○ Rhee & his liberal party § No real plan for creating stability or economic growth § Preservation of personal power paramount ○ Rhee's 3rd term (78 years old) § Lost by one vote but considered it a technicality § Challenges in corruption, urbanization, increasing literacy, rising democratic party § National security law, 1958 □ Critics of Rhee will be targeted ® Seen as important for national security Bid for 4th term---> vote rigging- --> rioting § □ Lost most of popular support □ Tried to rig the election even though his opponent had died of cancer □ Student revolution day ® Seen as important for national security § Bid for 4th term---> vote rigging- --> rioting □ Lost most of popular support □ Tried to rig the election even though his opponent had died of cancer □ Student revolution day ® April 19, 1960 ® +30,000 students march to presidential mansion ◊ Military woild not fire on the people ◊ Brought down the rule of Rhee ◊ Rhee was exiled to Hawaii, VP committed suicide § Legacy of Rhee: □ Some view him as patriotic that has a lot of challenges after Korean war □ Founding father of south Korea □ Abused power (outweighed many of the accomplishments) ® Also seen as a dictator § After leaving office: □ The democratic experiment: ® 1960-61 ® Parliamentary system ® Yun Boseon as president ® Democracy extended to provinces ® Nationwide transportation system ® Students call for immediate unification with north Korea ○ Democratic party 1955 § Anti-Rhee party (liberal) § Less ideological difference than support for their individual leaders □ More support for leaders ○ Park Chung Hee: § Assaignated by chief of military services § Military coup § In power: 1961-1979 □ Assaignated § Authoritarian state and economic development § Legitimacy based on need to stay vigilant against communism § Economic modernization □ Industrialization □ First and second five year plans □ Heavy industry □ Machines, clothes, shoes □ State led, export oriented □ Benefited conglomerates, chaebol □ Industrialization □ First and second five year plans □ Heavy industry □ Machines, clothes, shoes □ State led, export oriented □ Benefited conglomerates, chaebol ® Samsung, LG, Hyundai § Association with the US: □ Aided economic growth □ Korean involvement in Vietnam war § Student protests 1960's □ Secret negotiations with japan to re-est
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