HIST 130 Lecture 9: February 13th
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Department
HIST - History
Course
HIST 130
Professor
Melissa Dale
Semester
Spring

Description
February 13th Monday, February 13, 201711:39 AM Audio 1 • Edo Japan (1603-1800): ○ Outline: § Political unification § Government § Trade § Economy ○ Vocabulary: § Shogunate: □ A term to refer to their bureaucracy § Bakufu: □ Tent government § Daimyo: □ A military lord § Samurai: □ Warrior ○ Kyoto: Capitol of the region at this period of time § ○ Japans 3 great unifiers § Oda Nobunaga (azuchi period) § Hideyoshi Toyyomi (azuchi period) § Tokugawa Leyasa (edo period ○ Oda Nobunaga: § (1534-1582) § Rose to power in Owari § Reduced military to Buddhist church ○ Hideyoshi Toyyomi § (1536-1598) § Humble origins § 1582 Nobunaga is killed § 1 of 4 regions § Within a year he seized power to himself ○ Neither Hideyoshi or Nobunaga took the title of shogun § They are both war lords § Created currency § Taxes § Land February 13th Monday, February 13, 201711:39 AM Audio 1 • Edo Japan (1603-1800): ○ Outline: § Political unification § Government § Trade § Economy ○ Vocabulary: § Shogunate: □ A term to refer to their bureaucracy § Bakufu: □ Tent government § Daimyo: □ A military lord § Samurai: □ Warrior ○ Kyoto: Capitol of the region at this period of time § ○ Japans 3 great unifiers § Oda Nobunaga (azuchi period) § Hideyoshi Toyyomi (azuchi period) § Tokugawa Leyasa (edo period ○ Oda Nobunaga: § (1534-1582) § Rose to power in Owari § Reduced military to Buddhist church ○ Hideyoshi Toyyomi § (1536-1598) § Humble origins § 1582 Nobunaga is killed § 1 of 4 regions § Within a year he seized power to himself ○ Neither Hideyoshi or Nobunaga took the title of shogun § They are both war lords § Created currency § Taxes § Land § Within a year he seized power to himself ○ Neither Hideyoshi or Nobunaga took the title of shogun § They are both war lords Created currency § § Taxes § Land § They put in place to restore peace and prosperity □ Separated social classes □ Sword hunt, 1588 ® Required all peasants to return their swords ◊ Distinction between peasants and farmers from elite □ 1591, presented movement between classes ® Stuck in the class that you were born into § 1587, Hideyoshi banished all missionaries from Japan □ Why the religious intolerance: ® Loyal to pope or your lord? ◊ So he banished them ◊ Worried about the Philippines and made sure they would not also be concurred by the Spanish □ Imjin War: ® 1592, Toyotomi Hydeyoshi asks for permission to pass through Korea ® Korean king refuses ® May 23 1592, Japanese troops invade ® Battel of Sekigahara □ Tokugawa Leyasu (1542-1616) ® ® Willy and astute, skilled in managing his generals ® Patient ® 1603, declared shogun emperor ○ Role of the emperor: § A representation of the social image for the people □ Legitimizes the rule of the shogun ® Shogun holds the political power ® Emperor reigns but he does not rule ® The imperial courts as a source of legitimacy ® Emperor presents a symbolic and cultural role Tokugawa Bakufu: ○ § 2 functions of Bakufu: □ Administer shoguns "super domain" □ Set national policy on behalf od the emperors civil government in Kyoto § Central government: □ 6 councilors(representatives) ® Most important officials ® Foreign policy § Within a year he seized power to himself ○ Neither Hideyoshi or Nobunaga took the title of shogun § They are both war lords Created currency § § Taxes § Land § They put in place to restore peace and prosperity □ Separated social classes □ Sword hunt, 1588 ® Required all peasants to return their swords ◊ Distinction between peasants and farmers from elite □ 1591, presented movement between classes ® Stuck in the class that you were born into § 1587, Hideyoshi banished all missionaries from Japan □ Why the religious intolerance: ® Loyal to pope or your lord? ◊ So he banished them ◊ Worried about the Philippines and made sure they would not also be concurred by the Spanish □ Imjin War: ® 1592, Toyotomi Hydeyoshi asks for permission to pass through Korea ® Korean king refuses ® May 23 1592, Japanese troops invade ® Battel of Sekigahara □ Tokugawa Leyasu (1542-1616) ® ® Willy and astute, skilled in managing his generals ® Patient ® 1603, declared shogun emperor ○ Role of the emperor: § A representation of the social image for the people □ Legitimizes the rule of the shogun ® Shogun holds the political power ® Emperor reigns but he does not rule ® The imperial courts as a source of legitimacy ® Emperor presents a symbolic and cultural role Tokugawa Bakufu: ○ § 2 functions of Bakufu: □ Administer shoguns "super domain" □ Set national policy on behalf od the emperors civil government in Kyoto § Central government: □ 6 councilors(representatives) ® Most important officials ® Foreign policy □ Administer shoguns "super domain" □ Set national policy on behalf od the emperors civil government in Kyoto § Central government: □ 6 councilors(representatives) ® Most important officials ® Foreign policy ® Schedules □ Deputies (representatives of the government) ® Rice based economy ® Given a certain volume of rice is the decision of power □ City commissioners □ Inspectors □ No set number of domains, they are always c,ing ® No national communication or police □ Daimyo system: ® Taxes: ◊ Collected in rice ◊ Moved to osaka: } Center for economy of the rice ® Feudal lord system ® Categories of diamyo: ◊ Fudai (house daimyo) } There are 145 of these } Controlled areas of strategic importance } Most trusted ◊ Shinpan (related daimyo) Members of the tokugawa clan }
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