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HIST 130 (28)
Lecture 14

HIST 130 Lecture 14: March 6th
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Department
HIST - History
Course
HIST 130
Professor
Melissa Dale
Semester
Spring

Description
March 6th Monday, March 6, 2017 11:44 AM • Continued: ○ The large domain: § Choshu in southwestern honchu □ 10,000 samurai families □ Satsuma has even more samurai □ Diamyo: ® Tomzama ◊ The ones who lost the belt of influence § Rise of Choshi and Satsuma: □ Joi in a secret alliance to confront the common enemy bakufu □ British want reparations and they refuse ® 1863-1866 ' ® Court wants foreigners kicked out but there are treaties present ® British and French will not be allowed to pass through the straight of shimonoseki ® 1867 the empereor died ◊ Meiji emperor and the } Shogun tokugaea yoshinobu • Mejii Japan: ○ 1868-1900 ○ Outline: § Formation of gov Foreign policy § § Opposition of meiji oligarchy § Modernization ○ The Meiji Emperor § Comes to throne 1867 § Rejected by main haugn ○ Meiji restoration § JAN 3 1868 palace seized by forces from stysuma § Restoration proclamation § Why did tokugawa bakufu collapse □ Difference of opinion □ Unable to deal with political concrescences □ Socioeconomic problems § Formation of new gov □ Jan 3 1868 new gov cannot come to power in kyoto March 6th Monday, March 6, 2017 11:44 AM • Continued: ○ The large domain: § Choshu in southwestern honchu □ 10,000 samurai families □ Satsuma has even more samurai □ Diamyo: ® Tomzama ◊ The ones who lost the belt of influence § Rise of Choshi and Satsuma: □ Joi in a secret alliance to confront the common enemy bakufu □ British want reparations and they refuse ® 1863-1866 ' ® Court wants foreigners kicked out but there are treaties present ® British and French will not be allowed to pass through the straight of shimonoseki ® 1867 the empereor died ◊ Meiji emperor and the } Shogun tokugaea yoshinobu • Mejii Japan: ○ 1868-1900 ○ Outline: § Formation of gov Foreign policy § § Opposition of meiji oligarchy § Modernization ○ The Meiji Emperor § Comes to throne 1867 § Rejected by main haugn ○ Meiji restoration § JAN 3 1868 palace seized by forces from stysuma § Restoration proclamation § Why did tokugawa bakufu collapse □ Difference of opinion □ Unable to deal with political concrescences □ Socioeconomic problems § Formation of new gov □ Jan 3 1868 new gov cannot come to power in kyoto § Why did tokugawa bakufu collapse □ Difference of opinion □ Unable to deal with political concrescences □ Socioeconomic problems § Formation of new gov □ Jan 3 1868 new gov cannot come to power in kyoto □ No new real plan □ Did not want to give the emperor some new power □ Japans new leaders oligarchs ® Oligarch: a small group of selected men who monopolized power ® Toshimichi ® Köin ® Takamori ® Had the emperor create the charter oath ◊ Commitment to moderation } Deliberative assemblies } All classes, high and low } The common people } Evil customs of the past should be broken off } Knowledge shall be sought throuout the world ◊ Edo renamed to tokyo ◊ Removing the old order } Daimyo returned han to emperor } 1871 domains abolished, country reorganized into preferences } Daimyos retired and pensioned off } Loss of samurai privileges – Shizoku (former samurai) – Abolishing feudal privileges: w Could choose occupations w Freedom of movement between social classes w Commoners allowed to take surnames w Eta & other outcasts given full equality w 1871 new social system w Aristocrats w Gentry w Commoners New conscript army: w w 1873 all men will be liable for 3 years of military service w Rich country, strong army w Social discontent: w 1866-1873 w Peasants unhappy with conscript army & land system § Why did tokugawa bakufu collapse □ Difference of opinion □ Unable to deal with political concrescences □ Socioeconomic problems § Formation of new gov □ Jan 3 1868 new gov cannot come to power in kyoto □ No new real plan □ Did not want to give the emperor some new power □ Japans new leaders oligarchs ® Oligarch: a small group of selected men who monopolized power ® Toshimichi ® Köin ® Takamori ® Had the emperor create the charter oath ◊ Commitment to moderation } Deliberative assemblies } All classes, high and low } The common people } Evil customs of the past should be broken off } Knowledge shall be sought throuout the world ◊ Edo renamed to tokyo ◊ Removing the old order } Daimyo returned han to emperor } 1871 domains abolished, country reorganized into preferences } Daimyos retired and pensioned off } Loss of samurai privileges – Shizoku (former samurai) – Abolishing feudal privileges: w Could choose occupations w Freedom of movement between social classes w Commoners allowed to take surnames w Eta & other outcasts given full equality w 1871 new social system w Aristocrats w Gentry w Commoners New conscript army: w w 1873 all men will be liable for 3 years of military service w Rich country, strong army w Social discontent: w 1866-1873 w Peasants unhappy with conscript army & land system service w Rich country, strong army w Social discontent: w 1866-1873 w Peasants unhappy with conscript army & land system w Samurai unhappy w 30 rebellions § Foreign policy: □ Foreign office ® An office dedicated to diplomacy ® 2 main goals ◊ Recognized as a world power ◊ Abolition of unequal treaties □ Sent out iwakura mission: ® 1871-1873 ® Delegation to US & Europe to discus the revision and study west ◊ There for 163 days ◊ Fact finding mission
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