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Lecture 27

HIST 130 Lecture 27: April 17th
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Department
HIST - History
Course
HIST 130
Professor
Melissa Dale
Semester
Spring

Description
April 17th Monday, April 17, 2017 11:33 AM • Continued: ○ First 5 year plan 1953-57 § Followed soviet model § Focus on heavy industry □ Steel machined tools § Emphasis on urban areas and industrialization § Soviet major source of tech and aid § Tremendous gains in production • Outline: ○ Ideologies and desires ○ Hundred flowers 5-57 ○ Great leap forward ○ The cultural revolutio-766 • Mao's Ideologies: ○ Egalitarianism § Prevention of a privileged elite ○ Permanent revolution § Class struggle continues under socialism ○ Simultaneous transformation § Economic political and social ○ Voluntarism § Individuals could act & reshape the forces of history trough human will ○ Populism § Peasants had the greatest revolutionary potential § Different from soviet model the workers have the potential • Hundred flowers (1956 -1957) "let a hundred schools of thought contend" ○ § Scientists ○ "let a hundred flowers blossom" § Writers and artists ○ Does this so people will speak out abuses within the party to share their thoughts ○ Free and open social and political opinions ○ Suspicion because people do not think it is normal for such a new government to do this ○ Aims: § Not a movement to rectify intellectuals § Aimed to rectify the party. Why? April 17th Monday, April 17, 2017 11:33 AM • Continued: ○ First 5 year plan 1953-57 § Followed soviet model § Focus on heavy industry □ Steel machined tools § Emphasis on urban areas and industrialization § Soviet major source of tech and aid § Tremendous gains in production • Outline: ○ Ideologies and desires ○ Hundred flowers 5-57 ○ Great leap forward ○ The cultural revolutio-766 • Mao's Ideologies: ○ Egalitarianism § Prevention of a privileged elite ○ Permanent revolution § Class struggle continues under socialism ○ Simultaneous transformation § Economic political and social ○ Voluntarism § Individuals could act & reshape the forces of history trough human will ○ Populism § Peasants had the greatest revolutionary potential § Different from soviet model the workers have the potential • Hundred flowers (1956 -1957) "let a hundred schools of thought contend" ○ § Scientists ○ "let a hundred flowers blossom" § Writers and artists ○ Does this so people will speak out abuses within the party to share their thoughts ○ Free and open social and political opinions ○ Suspicion because people do not think it is normal for such a new government to do this ○ Aims: § Not a movement to rectify intellectuals § Aimed to rectify the party. Why? ○ Does this so people will speak out abuses within the party to share their thoughts ○ Free and open social and political opinions ○ Suspicion because people do not think it is normal for such a new government to do this ○ Aims: § Not a movement to rectify intellectuals § Aimed to rectify the party. Why? □ To prevent CCP from becoming new bureaucratic, privileged elite □ Party not infallible § Contradictions between leaders and land § Draw intellectuals into active participation ○ Hungarian Uprising 1956 § Could it happen in china if they open the door to criticism ○ Poisonous weeds could have come up ○ Storm up the universities: § Height of the campaign, 5 weeks period § May 1-june 7 1957 § Democratic wall § Big character wall □ Many are critical of the party □ Opinions on the wall □ Not much to loose so they are much more vocal § Ex. Of criticism ○ Anti-Rightist Campaign § June 1957 § 300,000+ intellectuals labeled "rightists" § Sent down to countryside, labor camps, or to jail § People would deflect blame by putting it onto others ○ Why did MAO break his promise?: § Plot to revel rightists Mao miscalculated § □ Did not know the magnitude and didn’t know what may come out ○ Significance: § Prior to 1957, CCP had never experience widespread and serious criticism § Movement undermined Mao's power and authority § Created rift among CCP leadership § Intellectuals disillusioned • Great Leap Forward (195- 1960) ○ Promotion of the nation through art ○ Dual Purpose of campaign: § Increase productivity in industry and agriculture § Attempt to achieve egalitarianism by removing inequality in rural areas ○ Ideological setting § China needed a technological revolution § Mao did not want to create a privileged technological intelligence ○ Does this so people will speak out abuses within the party to share their thoughts ○ Free and open social and political opinions ○ Suspicion because people do not think it is normal for such a new government to do this ○ Aims: § Not a movement to rectify intellectuals § Aimed to rectify the party. Why? □ To prevent CCP from becoming new bureaucratic, privileged elite □ Party not infallible § Contradictions between leaders and land § Draw intellectuals into active participation ○ Hungarian Uprising 1956 § Could it happen in china if they open the door to criticism ○ Poisonous weeds could have come up ○ Storm up the universities: § Height of the campaign, 5 weeks period § May 1-june 7 1957 § Democratic wall § Big character wall □ Many are critical of the party □ Opinions on the wall □ Not much to loose so they are much more vocal § Ex. Of criticism ○ Anti-Rightist Campaign § June 1957 § 300,000+ intellectuals labeled "rightists" § Sent down to countryside, labor camps, or to jail § People would deflect blame by putting it onto others ○ Why did MAO break his promise?: § Plot to revel rightists Mao miscalculated § □ Did not know the magnitude and didn’t know what may come out ○ Significance: § Prior to 1957, CCP had never experience widespread and serious criticism § Movement undermined Mao's power and authority § Created rift among CCP leadership § Intellectuals disillusioned • Great Leap Forward (195- 1960) ○ Promotion of the nation through art ○ Dual Purpose of campaign: § Increase productivity in industry and agriculture § Attempt to achieve egalitarianism by removing inequality in rural areas ○ Ideological setting § China needed a technological revolution § Mao did not want to create a privileged technological intelligence ○ Dual Purpose of campaign: § Increase productivity in industry and agriculture § Attempt to achieve egalitarianism by removing inequality in rural areas ○ Ideological setting § China needed a technological revolution § Mao did not want to create a privileged technological intelligence § Would industrialize countryside § Populism □ Key would be the masses § Voluntarism □ People will be encouraged to do things through human will ○ Great leap forward (GLF) slogans: § "catch up with England in 15 years" □ "More faster better cheaper" § Economic setting: □ Imbalance between rural and industrial growth □ Abandonment of Soviet model □ Would use china's main resource: human labor □ Shift from heavy to light industry & agriculture □ "walking on two legs" (Dual technological approach) § Implementation: □ End to private plots □ People's communes ® Gigantic --25,000 people ® Collective dining halls, pooling of child care ® People all working on the plots together ® Pool childcare provided by government/collective people § Backyard Furnaces: □ Productivity increased but poor Quality □ People would smelt their pots and pans and anything else that they could find made of metal □ Furnaces operated day and night □ Production has increased by 70% □ People would report more and the government wou
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