HIST 130 Lecture 7: February 8th
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10 Pages
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Department
HIST - History
Course Code
HIST 130
Professor
Melissa Dale

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February 8th Wednesday, February 8, 201711:45 AM • Vocabulary: • Kanxi (1661-1722) • Yougzheng(1722-1735) • QianLong(1736-1796) • Carton • Cohong • Macarthey Mission (1793) ○ • Hong • Routou • Flint incident • Guangzhou • Carton Trade system • Continued (2/6) ○ Women § Chinese □ Bound their feet ® Kept into place into the 18th century ◊ When finished women would unbind their feet § Manchu: □ Did not bind feet because they were more functional ○ Sinicization: § Promote Chinese learning § Resistance from Ming scholars § Great literary words □ Great dictionary's □ Encyclopedias □ Drafting Ming History ○ Conclusion: § This empire will be in place until 1911 • The High Quing (Cultural and economic flourishing) ○ Outline: § The High Qing § Sss ○ The High Quing: § Kangxi (1661-1722) § KanGxi (R. 1671-1722) □ One of Chinese empowers □ Territorial expansion □ Suppression of the resistance □ Consolidation of rule February 8th Wednesday, February 8, 201711:45 AM • Vocabulary: • Kanxi (1661-1722) • Yougzheng(1722-1735) • QianLong(1736-1796) • Carton • Cohong • Macarthey Mission (1793) ○ • Hong • Routou • Flint incident • Guangzhou • Carton Trade system • Continued (2/6) ○ Women § Chinese □ Bound their feet ® Kept into place into the 18th century ◊ When finished women would unbind their feet § Manchu: □ Did not bind feet because they were more functional ○ Sinicization: § Promote Chinese learning § Resistance from Ming scholars § Great literary words □ Great dictionary's □ Encyclopedias □ Drafting Ming History ○ Conclusion: § This empire will be in place until 1911 • The High Quing (Cultural and economic flourishing) ○ Outline: § The High Qing § Sss ○ The High Quing: § Kangxi (1661-1722) § KanGxi (R. 1671-1722) □ One of Chinese empowers □ Territorial expansion □ Suppression of the resistance □ Consolidation of rule § KanGxi (R. 1671-1722) □ One of Chinese empowers □ Territorial expansion □ Suppression of the resistance □ Consolidation of rule □ Promoting literary work, arts, and the scholarly exam □ Interested with the technology of the Europeans ® Medicine ◊ Anatomy ◊ From the Jesuits Agricultural ® □ Seen as scholarly □ Was very involved: ® Leading military campaigns □ Hid amongst the people to see how they lived talking to people □ Blamed himself for not knowing more about the War of the 3 Feudatories □ War of the 3 Feudatories § Yongzheng (r.172-1796) □ Succession problems following the death of Kangxi □ Came to the throne at 45 years old □ Centralized power in his own hands ® Took control of all 8 Manchu banners □ Worked to rid corruption in the palace □ Worked on elixirs that may have contributed to death □ Worked to end the discrimination of the mean people: □ SPAM model ® Scholars ◊ Worked with minds ® Peasants ◊ Worked with their hands ® Artisans: ◊ People creating with their hands Merchants: ® ◊ They are just selling and working to make a profit (not contributing) ◊ Wealthy and not high on the list ® Mean People (absorbed into the commoner class): ◊ Prostitutes ◊ Musicians ◊ Actors ◊ Coroners ◊ Police § Qianlong (R. 1736-1796) □ Longest reigning emperor in china § KanGxi (R. 1671-1722) □ One of Chinese empowers □ Territorial expansion □ Suppression of the resistance □ Consolidation of rule □ Promoting literary work, arts, and the scholarly exam □ Interested with the technology of the Europeans ® Medicine ◊ Anatomy ◊ From the Jesuits Agricultural ® □ Seen as scholarly □ Was very involved: ® Leading military campaigns □ Hid amongst the people to see how they lived talking to people □ Blamed himself for not knowing more about the War of the 3 Feudatories □ War of the 3 Feudatories § Yongzheng (r.172-1796) □ Succession problems following the death of Kangxi □ Came to the throne at 45 years old □ Centralized power in his own hands ® Took control of all 8 Manchu banners □ Worked to rid corruption in the palace □ Worked on elixirs that may have contributed to death □ Worked to end the discrimination of the mean people: □ SPAM model ® Scholars ◊ Worked with minds ® Peasants ◊ Worked with their hands ® Artisans: ◊ People creating with their hands Merchants: ® ◊ They are just selling and working to make a profit (not contributing) ◊ Wealthy and not high on the list ® Mean People (absorbed into the commoner class): ◊ Prostitutes ◊ Musicians ◊ Actors ◊ Coroners ◊ Police § Qianlong (R. 1736-1796) □ Longest reigning emperor in china ◊ Actors ◊ Coroners ◊ Police § Qianlong (R. 1736-1796) □ Longest reigning emperor in china □ High Quing □ Educated in the Palace School for Princes ® Education in Confucianism □ Seen as a middle road between his father (strict) and his grandfather (relaxed) □ Period of great peace and prosperity □ Doubled the size of his territory ® Expanded into central Asia □ Munich's: ® When punished they would be sent far west away from the capitol □ Ruler of a multi-cultural Asia □ How did the Qianlong Emperor present himself as a universal ruler? ® Cultural patron ® Religious patron ® Heir to Genghis Khan ® Multi-lingual ◊ Learned multiple languages to converse Mongolian } } Wigger } Tibetan } Tongu ◊ concurred by kindness ® Art & architecture ◊ No other emperor had a greater effect on Beijing ◊ Allowed for the combination of eastern and western ideas □ Reviving Manchu identity: ® Making sure people know how to: ◊ Speak Manchu ◊ Ride horseback ® Blemishes to QL's Rule: ◊ Literary inquisition ◊ Heshen (1750-1799) } Entered palace at age 25 } Quickly rose to power as grand canceler } Freedom of action } Corruption as the emperor aged } Retired in 1795 or 1796 ® Signs of decay: ◊ Population pressures ◊ Actors
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