HSTAM 111 Lecture 2: Lecture Notes 2

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University of Washington
Ancient and Medieval History
Charity Urbanski

Lecture Notes 2 Monday, April 3, 2017 Readings - What does female sanctity look like? Marriage and the family in the early middle ages - Late Roman and early Germanic families o Typical household consisted of parents, children, servants, slaves, relatives, others o Poorest families only housed parents and children o Paterfamilias – legally recognized head of household; typically oldest male member of household th ▪ Up until 4 century, could put household members to death ▪ Had power to refuse a child into family o Endogamy o Divorce relatively easy to obtain - Roman marriage customs o Bride pays dowry to husband’s family o Monogamous – only one legally recognized relationship (a marriage or a concubinage) o Bride and groom must both consent to marriage o Family can veto marriage - Germanic marriage customs o Husband’s family pays bride price o Husband gives wife morning gabba o Polygamous o Parents consent to marriage - Free people couldn’t marry slaves without losing freedom - Christian church ended up standardizing marriage customs between Romans and Germans o Become extremely influential in shaping medieval families o 1000AD – consent required for marriage o Endogamy – marriage within kindred ▪ Preferred by both Germans and Romans to maintain power o Exogany – marriage outside of family o Prohibited Degrees of Consanguinity – endogamy began to be prohibited by 400AD ▪ 1000AD – 7 degrees of proximity in which you could not marry within family (subsequently changed to 4) o Divorces more difficult to obtain o Opposed infanticide
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