Classics 210: Greek & Roman Classics in English 10/16
Platonic love: purely spiritual, non-amorous relation
Eros: sexual desire, visceral response to physical beauty in Plato’s symposium
feelings of philosophical life, “transcendental longing for absolute truth”
Apollodorus: follower of Socrates, homosexual. Narrates entire dialogue to group of
anonymous companions. Flashback, looking back. Cannot come to consensus
about the nature of the events that occurred.
o I.E. game of telephone -- unreliable
Phaedrus: honor. Erotic passion can be noble. “Love himself would inspire the
man” lovers long to give up lives for sake of their loved ones. There is nothing more
admired by the gods than actions that arise from love – oldest & most revered god,
o A homoerotic army would be the greatest army of all time because men
don’t want to look shameful or weak in front of their lovers.
Pausanias: Agathon’s long time lover. Emphasis on length traditional homoerotic
relationships consisted of temporary relationship based on hierarchy.
o 2 kinds of love:
common Eros = physical, intellectually inferior OR
heavenly = educational, inspired people to excel in behavior.
Emphasis on soul being more important. “Must honorably gratify
lover – willing servitude on the boy’s part”
pause, interrupts order. Light relief. Aristophanes develops cause of hiccups
(either from overeating, excess of hot air, something of that nature, etc)
Eryximachus: doctor-technician. Self-righteous/pompous. Socrates’ pokes fun at
people with this type of haughty personality… presents him as unserious. Brings in
o Eros is not just about sex or physical desire for the individual lover.