HSTAM 111 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Natural Disaster, Social Mobility, Manorialism

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Lecture Notes 8
Monday, April 14, 2017
Church began to believe that people practiced sodomy bc they were possessed by demonic
powers
- Considered contagious; policing it was considered a matter of self-preservation
- This notion develops later than leprosy/heresy, and was considered an add-on (you’re a
leper and sodomist)
o Becomes stand-alone charge around 1250
o Sodomy laws enacted 1250-1300 defined as sex between men
Entailed death penalty
Laws eventually used against powerful people (Pope Boniface / knight’s
templar)
Female prostitutes
- Treatment resembles that of Jews, in how they were directly exploited by
princes/municipality
- Considered a necessary evil (better to have prostitutes rather than rape/adultery)
- Occasionally there was public outrage
o Idea behind outrage was that their sins might merit the punishment of entire
community (e.g., natural disaster)
- Confined to certain parts of city that was eventually walled off like Jewish ghettos
All prosecuted groups
- Considered deviant
- Posed existential threat to society
- Saint Sin related to all of these groups
- On holy days, these groups often confined together or cast out
Context of Intolerance
- Gregorian reforms
- Manorial economy agricultural workers all work under lord, to whom they owe rent
and often services
o Establish hereditary nobility
o Agricultural revolution occurs within manorial economy
- 11th century agricultural revolution
o Surplus yield causes population increase + less farmers needed
o Demographic expansion
o Rapidly growing towns
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