Marxism, part II (January 25, 2016)
I. Good For Boeing, Good ForAmerica?
A. Human rights: State regulates corporations, although they still dont care a
lot about human rights. China: commercial aircraft. Boeing wanted China to have
permanent MFN status (no trade discrimination). Everyone in the WTO has MFN
status. China in the WTO in 2001 was it in US interest? The most powerful
actors have the most influence in these policy debates. Human rights watch
revenue74 million, Boeing90.7 billion revenue. Marxist say the most
persuasive argument wont win, the actor with the most money will win.
B. High technology: Boeing interest, building in South Carolina because its
cheaper. China wants them to build in China. US national interests differ from
Boeings interests. The bigger Boeing gets, the greater influence they have over
US foreign policy. Not everyone is on a level playing field.
II. Corporate Interests Caused WWI
A. Need for profit causes war: monopolies needed colonial expansionled
various countries to conflict.
B. Differential growth rates: explains timing of the war. Made a growth gap.
Change in power leads to conflict.
III. Marxism & Three Dimensions of RLM
A. Nature of international politics:
1. international system: R,L,M? realistsanarchy which produces self
help and relative gains. Liberals society, international organizations, laws,
shared beliefs. Marxists closer to realists
2. actors: R: states, L: states not unitary, international organizations, M:
corporations, class interests, states themselves are just puppets?
*inside-out, outside-in? Realists: outside in. Liberals: inside out.
Marxist: inside out corporate interests. outside in different
economies are related, distribution of power.
B. Progress (better future, more peace less war): R: not possible, history will
repeat itself and structure wont change, L: yes, conventional vs unconventional
weapons, democracy, M: inevitable, capitalism will develop the world and
eventually lead to communism
C. Material/ideational: R: Material, distribution of power. L: ideational, dont
discount material power but they recognize and idea can be more powerful
(freedom of conscience, freedom of opp, freedom of govt). M: material,
movement from asiatic to feudalism to capitalism to socialism ?
A. Counterfactuals: if Kaiser was dead, Bismarck wouldve stayed in office.
B. R & M 1. Similarities:
*anarchy; materialist (diff growth rate); trade (source of war and
conflict); reject democratic peace, argument; view of IO/IL corporate or state
2. Differences (between R&M):
*views of progress; actors (national/class interest); importance of
economic system. Marxists, economics drives politics, Realists, politics drives