Class Notes (835,893)
United States (324,282)
Psychology (432)
PSYCH 101 (308)
prat (13)


3 Pages
Unlock Document


 Single evolutionary criteria that allowed humans to be as sophisticated as we are today  We can pass on things that it took us a lifetime to learn  Transmitting thoughts from brain to brain  Language, our spoken, written or gestured work is the way we communicate meaning to ourselves and others. Semantics: Extracting Meaning from Language  110-150 words (or meaning units) per minute in a constant stream of speech  To “comprehend” a listen must… o Identify words (word boundaries)  Word boundaries is perceptual. o Access contextually appropriate meaning of words  Words can have multiple meanings (i.e. bear VS bare, o Understand how the order of words influences their meaning  i.e. the boy kissed the girl VS the girl kissed the boy o Understand the intention of the speaker Decomposing Language  Phone: basic speech sound o Any sound that is used in any of the languages of the world (about 870 total)  Phoneme: meaningful speech sound o Changes the world o Example: “h” (aspiration) is a phoneme in English. “At” and “hat” mean something different in English BUT they don’t in French or Italian. Grammar: Rules for Language  Morphemes: smallest meaningful unit o “s” o “ed” o “ing”  Syntax: word order rules o i.e. the girl kissed the boy VS the boy kissed the girl o Good example of procedural knowledge Pragmatics (Set of Cues)  Social rules for learning language o Formality is encoded in the language o Intention: “can you open the door?” Q: In English, the words jump and jumped differ by…  One phoneme, one morpheme Spoken VS Written Language  Spoken: o Innate, learned automatically o Involves articulation and auditory segmentation o Involves auditory cortex bilaterally in the temporal lobe o Children learn to speak as long as they are exposed to language  Written: o Must be learned explicitly o Involves pattern recognition//also involves vision, letter and word recognition o Grapheme/phoneme matching o Involves occipital and parietal lobe o Will never be learned automatically Q: What is the BIGGEST difference between speaking and reading?  How they are learned (how you acquire
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 101

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.