PSYCH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Operant Conditioning Chamber, Puzzle Box, Learning Curve

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9 Feb 2017
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Psych 101 Lecture Feb 8: Learning cot’d
Classical conditioning outside the lab
o Advertising: often using sex
o Aversions
o PTSD: a very traumatic experience conditions a very rapid response to previously
nontraumatic stimuli
Usually multiple stimuli, so very difficult to treat
o Phobias
Start off with a relatively meaningless neutral stimulus, something that has not
actually hurt us
Like a spider or dark
Paired ith a frighteig eet, or ith itessig soeoe else’s fear
Operant conditioning
o Association between a behavior and a consequence
o E.L. Thorndike
Puzzle box paradigm: interested in how fast cats could escape
Learning curve for escape
Law of effect
Successful behaviors are likely to be repeated
o B.F. Skinner
Major pioneer of behaviorism
All responses can be scientifically measured
Skinner box
Used to shape complex behavior
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