CMN 120 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Solitary Confinement, Physical Attractiveness, Psychological Bulletin

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8 Mar 2017
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Lecture 7 - 2/13 - Intimacy/Affection Exchange Theory
Dr. Floyd - Guest Lecturer
affectionate stems from parents? Personality?
why are we affectionate?
o evolutionary psychology; behavior/physical behavior helps w/
survival
humans need relationships - social beings; need to belong
Solitary confinement mental/physical health problems
Love motivates us to say we will invest resources and time on another
person, especially with children
o Child that cannot get someone to love it, will not survive
o Affection = survival
Theory = answer to a why question, an explanation
o Why are human beings affectionate and with what sorts of effects?
Why do we engage in affection and what does affection do
for us?
Ex: Dr. Floyd got a hug after a stressful day emotions & everything feels
less stressful
o If people are stressed out, if they share affection they can recover
from their stress much faster
Loneliness = feeling of yearning for intimacy and human connection
o Perhaps from not feeling connected from people in our lives
o Or when we move to a new place
o We evolved as a species to need affection, much like a basic need
of food or water
How much affection does a person need?
o Amount of affection a person needs is how much a person thinks
they need
Self report measure
Ask questions that get at that idea
Agree or disagree? “Affection is very important to me”
Those give affection also get in return
o Those who are very affectionate to others also in return fulfills their
own needs
o But you need to know the style and needs of others, would not be
good to hug someone who feels uncomfortable with human touch
o Affection behavior is something we don’t just do to anyone, but
most other communication behaviors we can do with anyone and
strangers
1. Theories of Love
a. Triangular Theory of Love (Sternberg, 1986; 1987)
i.Love is literally a triangle
ii.3 parts of the triangle
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1. Intimacy = thinking about feelings of warmth;
sharing; communicating; supporting ur partner; feeling
of closeness
2. Passion = physical arousal; physical attractiveness;
desire that you have for your romantic partner;
romance
a. Least controllable factor
3. Commitment = cognitive aspect; decision we make
about our lover; conscious decision to stay in our
relationship (permanent; forever)
ii.Each parts of the triangle have different amounts (EIGHT Triangle Sizes)
1. Nonlove = no intimacy, passion or commitment
. very casual
2. Liking = high intimacy, lack passion &
commitment
. Feel very close to partner; no physical attraction/arousal and doesn’t feel
like it’ll last long-term
3. Infatuation = high passion, lack intimacy &
commitment
. People are easily aroused by others; no closeness and sense of
commitment
4. Empty love = high commitment, lack intimacy &
passion
. Relationship probably started off really hot with lots of passion then slowly
burned out, but still together because of the high commitment
5. Romantic love = high intimacy & passion, lack
commitment
. Summer love affair/fling
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