CMN 140 Lecture 5: CMN 140 - Lecture 5

28 views4 pages
8 Mar 2017
Lecture 5 - 1/31 - Mass Media Content & Reality (Chapter 8)
Key Ideas:
- the media spin reality to make it appear more exciting & thus attract ppl away from their
real lives
Real World Vs. Media World
- line between real world and media world is increasingly blurry
- merging together under pressures from newer messages & newer technologies
- memories are interlaced
- we continually enter media world to get experiences & info we cannot get very
well in our real lives & we forget that those experiences in media world are different from
the real world when we constantly cross the border between the two
- attaining higher media literacy means being able to distinguish between the two
What is Reality? difficult to define
- TV reality referred to as “Magic Window” perceived as the opportunity of seeing
the broad world out there without leaving the comfort of your home
- children view TV as simple, unvarnished truth of what is happening in the real world
- adult discount the age when children begin to think like adults and really
scrutinize media reality strongly as a construction of the real world, not the actual thing
- starts at about 5 years old (children can distinguish between fictional
programs & news/documentary)
- completed an adult discount by 12 years old (but not always, bc they
might not have developed the understanding that news is a construction by journalists
just like fiction programming is a creation of writers)
- accuracy vs. probability that the event may occur in real life
- discovered that children’s perception of reality didn’t change for
reality programs, so children base their perceptions not on the accuracy of
portrayals/information but the probability that something could occur in lives
- misperceptions of reality
- as we age, we do not automatically learn how to differentiate between reality &
- believing that you can actually do differentiation is a fantasy :D (lying to yourself
- not limited to children
Multiple Dimensions of Reality (EIGHT) multiple characteristics in making
judgments of reality
- the beginning point of judging reality is usually with an assessment of whether a
portrayal actually happened...but viewers rarely stop at this judgment (there’s more to
judging reality)
- viewers make assessments (especially for fictional content) about whether
something COULD happen as portrayed
- our judgment must move beyond the ACTUALITIES of occurence and consider
the POSSIBILITIES that the different characters and situations can actually occur
- while the beginning point of judging reality is usually with an assessment of whether a
portrayal actually happened, ppl frequently use more criteria to judge reality (Ex: Star
Wars vs. Community/Reality TV)
1) Factuality = does the message show what actually happened?
- this is the idea of magic window which asks: is the media msg an accurate,
unadorned view through a window on actual events and ppl?
- overlaps of the notion of “accuracy
2) Perceptual persuasiveness = does the media msg present characters and
settings that look real?
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.