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Lecture 3

HIS 196B Lecture 3: Lecture 3

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University of California - Davis
HIS 196B

Lecture 3 India was turning into a garrison state: soldiers Sepoy: British Indian soldiers Indian guards or peons (in the British east India company) began to be trained as soldiers for something bigger The east India company as a fiscalmilitary (based on the collection of tax money) state o Revenue administration: especially Bengal, Behar, and Orissa after 1765 o Financial support from Britain o Expanding imperial resources: control of sea lanes and ports o Vast credit networks in Europe and India Indian mercenaries for hire o Baksariyas: mostly drawn from Rajputs and other landed elites from Buxar in western Bihar o Telingas: Telugu Naiks and Muslim warriors from the Carnatic coast with some training in flintlocks sto Topasses: Eurasians of mixed Portuguese descent 1 Battalion Bengal Native infantry around the time of the Battle of Plassey rise of military Indian labor market: sepoys trained during the time where military was learning techniques to attain the best knowledge and success trigonometry was used to determining projectile distances; engineering feats gunpowder was incredibly important and they attained it from India Company bahudar: name of the British east India company because of its bravery in gunfire Revenue was needed for the expenses of the military The company borrowed a lot of money from the high ranking families of the time of Mughal empire Desertion used to take place before but the strict conditions of the army prohibited people from desertion If you did, you would have to pay a fine and suffer physical punishment Whipping especially was incredibly prevalent Necklace of beads around their neck was crucial in marking rank of the soldiers in the army When an army was moving from one place to the next, it was like a whole city on the move European soldiers were in short supply: 1 European soldier9 Indians Crimps: any nationality, even prisoners of war, worked in the army in India Lack of immunity in local soldiers, alcohol, opium, wounds, desertion of Indian soldiers created a constant demand for European soldiers Distribution and handling of items was incredibly crucial Families went alongside the military Nautch: dance entertainment for the military
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