Soc 5 Global Social Change Zero week 10/03/2013
A systematic analysis of human societies
Trace it back to the age of enlightenment
Emphasize the need of reason and to understand the norm; use of analysis, use of reason
Today: boundaries of sociology disciplines overlap and things overlap violence, race, class, etc study
connection between social and natural
Natural science model of inquiry: hypothesis to explain an example
Ex: stomach ulcer is caused by bacteria or its not and its caused by stressed: all reasonable hypothesis.
Then lead to observation
Then analyze data to prove a theory about why something occurred
Theories will start to generate more hypothesis and make a cycle
Emik Durkheim (18581917) thought to study human society through model
In studies: why people do what they do because of who they are surrounded by, stress level (study of
undergraduates on Friday nights)
Durkheim suggested that he can study why people do things because of cultural background or be
Big difference between searching natural world and searching social world
Max Weber: founder of modern sociology(18641920) why people do things the way they do. How
individuals think and whats their motivation behind action. Explain why behaviors
Find meanings to actions (vital)
Ethnographic method: participation.
World historical perspective: how ways transform the world and how individuals think, perform, and act.
Understand contemporary life
Karl Marx(18181883) sociologists think our decisions are affected by everything around us. People are
products of sociology.
We are influenced by rules set up so they want to find out what.
What is affecting a human on a physical basis. who is more likely to commit suicide between men and
women? Women have more obligations and paths to keep us distracted. Rich people are more likely to
commit suicide so much freedom and too much time on hands
Global Social Change: Trends. Tuesday October first Week 1 10/03/2013
Capital(ism) Tuesday October first Week 1 10/03/2013
Focus on material expert,
Assets, resources, human labor, something you can put to use and take advantage over others. Having
specialties. Products=profits. Raw material.
An asset can be money or knowledge. This will help you get a job, get higher salary, get others to work for
you.. have advantage to more options now like dating, housing.
Inheriting capital—things that aren’t look, knowledge, wealth education
but you can use your assets to help you become wealthy.
An asset will benefit to you and improve yourself and impress others
Economic capital money and material
Political capital ability to get things done in policy and governed
Cultured capital mastery of knowledge
Can be broader in a sense of mastery to write a book etc and not just use in government.
If you know a lot of people, then you have an advantage in political capital because if you have ties (social
capital) you can get a job or information—social able to mobilize a social network to get things done
Symbolic capital possession of honors, prestige, and reputation.
Exconvert cultural capital to economic capital. You can get a degree and become a professor and master
ideas and then get yourself a good job with $$. Convert cultural capital to a future economic capital to live a
Capitalism : historically specific mode of production
Exists in many countries US, Mexico Germany
Not Soviet Union; China used to not be capitalism.
Used to not exists so this is a historical point.
What makes a society capitalists? –it is built on trade but that is NOT WHAT makes capitalism because
that existed in all societies. Tuesday October first Week 1 10/03/2013
Karl Marx understand nature of ownership.
Means of production land, factories, raw materials, technology, anything used to produce
goods primarily owned by individuals in private lands.
Workers can sell their capacity to work to the owners of the means of production to get paid for it.
This type of ownership defines capitalism.
Ex: farmers market in davis – they exists in modern society but isn’t dominant in society. But farmers grow
produce sell make money and repeat!
Commodification in order for things to keep growing, more products have to continued to be sold
The idea of producing and then selling the produce.
When you invent something, you have to constantly think of new things to be sold in the future that aren’t
already being made in the present. What can I sell tomorrow that isn’t sold today?
Things that are changing iphones, gluten free foods, etc rent a friend website * things change that did NOT
exist 10 years ago Thursday Week 1 10/03/2013
Review of the reading
Society of perpetual growth: the innovations allow the competition for production to increase and