11.13 Lecture- Riots CA and CB.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 148
Professor
Rob Beamish
Semester
Fall

Description
Riots 11/13/2013 Riots are the actions of crowds that we fear most Riots are the center of what we think happens when a crowd goes crazy CB focus in and concentrate the lens on the specific area CA tend to pull the lens back, how do we get a handle on the whole scene? What is a Riot? Studies focus on two aspects: sociopsychological profile (what kind of people participate, what’s their state of mind when they participate; there’s all these normal people in the world and there are those people that participate in riots), psychological theory Stigma (harder to come back from than from a disaster) Harder for a community to reorganize and move on Have to deal w/ all the baggage that comes w/ a very political event Riot, loosely defined A riot involves a crowd motivated by a shared grievance that targets specific symbols, persons, and/or property that the crowd intends to harass, injure, or destroy It’s the way people perceive to be a grievance Riots, mobs, hostile outbursts fall into this idea of unlawful assembly Riots are inherently political Riot as a label and collective act is inherently political because rioting reflects issues of social power and threatens the social status quo Power differences!* -they have to do w/ our reactions to our power differences and the reactions to the labels of power They expose relations in society and those relations are inherently political Because the act is never simply about strain and venting Historical Riot types… 1. Community Riots: In commodity riots, the object of attack is because of or directed at a commodity or property rather than a person or people—such as race or religion. usually involve some basic necessity being withheld, not delivered that was promised (ex: bread riots) 2. Communal Riots: In communal riots, conflicts are generally over a contested area— neighborhood, beaches, factory, turf, and even societal change ex: beaches, jobs where one group is seeking redress for some trespass/ wrong could be taken in forms of vigilanteism have been the most consistent and divisive in our society tend to be between two or more groups 3. Protest Riots: In protest riots, violence focuses on a specific state policies, outcomes, and collective rights… 4. Celebration Riots: Celebration riots often involve fans after victory or defeat chanting, singing, clapping, pounding, breaking bottles, turning over cars, setting trash bins on fire, looting, and fighting with “opposing” fans… Explaining Riots 1. Collective Behavioral – CB view emphasized strain, deprivation, and extreme acts of violence impulsive emotional outbursts (anger, etc.) 2. Collective Action – CA view has emphasized the circumstance, diversity of behaviors, and the role social control plays explains the context in which they exist They both focus on different parts, both have something to say… CB Account of Riot Collective Behavioral approach Riots are viewed as the most extreme form of crowd behavior and group psychology; founded in shared strain, participants lose themselves in an orgy of hostility and violence… Display extreme acts of aggression, mental unity In this act of situation, normal law-abiding citizens can be lured into circumstances where our norms are stripped away Engage in animalistic type of behaviors that you normally wouldn’t engage in They threaten the basic social order Smelser’s Approach 1. Structural Conduciveness: Riots may appear arbitrary but hey are not; they reflect pre- existent structural conditions such as urban density (there has to be lots of people), social proximity, unobstructed pathways for movement (need to be able to move around), and open lines of communication (involves spreading the word, that you can communicate somewhat freely; movement and verbalization) they’ve constructed obstructions on UC campus (redesigned the ar
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