11.04 Lecture - Disaster.docx

8 Pages
Unlock Document

University of California - Davis
SOC 148
Rob Beamish

Disaster/Crisis 11/04/2013 What’s a Disaster/crisis? Disasters/Crisis both impact collectives and collectively transfix them for reasons that cohere with our definition of CE 1. Act as landmark events Provide landmarks Ex: “post-911 generation” – us; Cited as starting points, to religions, to Ideologies 2. Unify/ divide communities They tear communities apart and make communities stronger Ex: after 911, we were unified; could not talk about opposing America 3. Provoke social change Impetus to create new laws, govts., morals Can change political views Ex: 9/11 Katrina, 2011 economic collapse  Collective forces for social and political turmoil They impact societies at every level A “disaster” and/or “Crisis Event” is… An event (or the threat of an event) that severely disrupts the functioning of a large segment of a collective (community) so that some or all of its essential functions are disrupted, prevented, or destroyed… Disruptions can involve interactions, communications, economics, and security, especially when they occur abruptly, with little or no warning, and require spontaneous collective response(s)… The idea of community and the idea of function Community: A community is a collective that involves a loose collection of human relations – norms, emotional bonds, networks, social-institutions – specific to a given locale or place… Disasters disrupt community and community life by definition Disrupts norms, emotional bonds, etc. They can no longer function as they did before Disasters/ Crises disrupt the essential functions of community life, including… 1. Social interaction/ communications: Disaster disrupts social life itself making interaction and communication difficult or impossible and therefore socialization, membership, and support are compromised or in doubt. 2. Economic viability: Economic Viability is also disrupted insofar as production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services is no longer possible… the way we make our lives you get through the crisis, but how can you go back to work? It affects how we carry on in trying to heal from the disruptions that are characteristic of a disaster Everything involved in the economy essentially is gone 3. Social control/security: Protecting life and property is also central aspect of community life that can be both disrupted and reinforced before, during, and after disaster events… both in reality and the sense of security is gone the ability to protect ourselves and feel that we are okay protecting life and community are formal and informal (police and communities themselves) Resilience (being able to bounce back VS. recovering over a long period of time) When wealthier and established, more resilient to disaster/ crisis Wealth of community helps 3 mile island Disasters/ Crisis Characteristics Disasters also differ in their impacts by… 1. Type 2. Scope 3. Time frame (acute, somewhere in between, and chronic) 4. Intensity (the difference between an emergency and a crisis) emergency is when you can rely on social relationships and formal structures and institutions (ex: firemen, ambulances, rescues, etc.) ex: house fire crisis is when there’s a total breakdown (or near total breakdown) in formal and informal relationships so you can’t say “call the fire department” where you have to be self-reliant or on whoever is in your immediate community Ex: S. Asian Tsunami Fukushima Nuclear Accident Conventional Wisdom Conventional Wisdom: Disaster Panic-Flight 1. Intense personal terror: During and shortly after disasters, individuals are seized with terror- its every person for themselves one is often held to be the basis for the kind of reaction that is often invoked (when agencies decide to keep information to prevent panic) strips away a persons humanity, makes them nothing more than kind of an animal  that’s the idea fight/ flight reflex orientation 2. Uncontrolled collective flight: Uncontrolled (by social mores) flight from the disaster scene is often noted as a reason for injury; it is caused by disregard a
More Less

Related notes for SOC 148

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.