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Class Notes for Anatomy and Neurobiology at University of California - Irvine

ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Renal Fascia, Renal Vein, Renal Cortex
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Kidneys: Protected by ribs and cushion of fat Two layers: Perirenal fat- in more surrounding kidney Perarenal fat (out towards edges) -In retroperitoneal Space Fascia: Anterior posterior renal fascia -Thick connective ti...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard
ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Portal Triad, Bile Duct, Hepatic Veins
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In the middle, there is a central hepatic vein After central vein, it goes to Interlobular veins to hepatic vein Hepatic Macrophages: Destroys bad bacteria, etc. in food. Artery Components: Arterial blood supply Coming to ...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard
ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Ileocecal Valve, Coeliac Disease, Gluten
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Celiac Disease An allergy to the gluten protein which is found in grains and wheat. If you have an allergy to it it can make you sick If you eat a lot of gluten and you have celiac disease, gluten will get to small intesti...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard
ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Portal Vein, Hepatic Portal System, Hepatic Veins
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Thursday Lecture Notes: Accessory Digestive Organs Liver: Does a lot of things Main thing it does: Protein synthesis and detoxifying us. Takes toxic elements from things we consume and make it less toxic. Location: Liver i...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard
ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Intestinal Gland, Ileocecal Valve, Coeliac Disease
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Histology: Fingerlike projections: Villi Grooves in surface going down to tissue are: Crypts White dots: Goblet cells On every villi and crypt there are enterocytes that allow for nutrient absorption Layer of epithelium is...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard
ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Intestinal Gland, Pylorus, Circular Folds
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The Lower Digestive Tract: Small and large intestines Small Intestines: -From mouth to bottom of stomach is about 50 cm -750 cm length of small intestine -Large intestine is only about 4 ft or 5 ft long -Upper digestion i...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard
ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Thyroid Cartilage, Vocal Folds, Tonsil
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Tonsils: Exist in the Pharynx, which is area in the back of the mouth. Three major tonsil structures: 1. Pharyngeal tonsils 2. Palatine Tonsils The ones we think of as tonsils, that get swollen 3. Lingual Tonsils Lingual m...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard
ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Oral Mucosa, Amylase, Soft Tissue
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Digestion Will cover: A. Upper digestive tract B. Lower digestive tract C. Accessory Digestive Organs Upper Digestive Tract: We will talk about the upper consisting of: Mouth, Esophagus, and Stomach. This is where we h...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard
ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Gastric Pits, Gastric Glands, Goblet Cell
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Stomach: Esophagus enters into the cardia (first region when you enter stomach). The part above the cardia and where the esophagus comes in is called the Fundus. In the middle it is called the body Antrum is the final regi...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard
ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Myocyte, Myoglobin, Glycolysis

Week 4 Anatomy Notes Tuesday: Fast and Slow: Depends on speed of contraction and energy source Slow twitch and Fast twitch body can provide oxygen for muscles for a long period of time. So type 1 and type 2a are less prone...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard
ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Intercalated Disc, Cardiac Muscle, Gap Junction

Week 4 Thursday Notes: Anatomy of Microscopic Cardiac Muscle: When you look at cardiac muscle, you see stripes again. There are striations again. The A band and the I bad are made of actin and myosin. Cardiac has the same ...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard
ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Bone Marrow, Hydroxylapatite, Collagen

Tuesday Lecture: Bone What kind of tissue is bone? Connective Tissue What are other kinds of connective tissue? Ligaments, tendons, blood, cartilage What is a bone anyway? The shape and nature of the bone have a lot to do ...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard
ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Sliding Filament Theory, Skeletal Muscle, Myocyte

Thursday Week 3 Notes: 1. Skeletal Muscle: Muscles responsible for primary moving of our body. Skeletal muscle is what comes to mind when you for example contract your bicep. The primary thing that determines the class of ...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard
ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Bone Marrow, Red Blood Cell, Bone Remodeling

Thursday, Week 2 Notes Bone Cells: 1. First stage Osteoclasts remove shards of bone 2. Tiny bit of activity of osteoblasts 3. A lot of osteoblasts, not much osteoclasts 4. Bone remodeling A lot of osteoblasts and a lot of ...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard
ANATOMY 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Spinal Disc Herniation, Intervertebral Disc, Elastic Cartilage

Tuesday Week 3 Fibrocartilage: Three main components 1. Collagen Fibers Make up the majority of the matrix and fibrocartilage will be collagen fibers. 2. Ground Substance Gelatin like substance 3. Chondrocytes 4. Fiboblast...

Anatomy and Neurobiology
ANATOMY 201
Richard

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