History of Scholarism & Change
o Classical Greece
-everything we experience on Earth is not true, true things are in
-Eidos: an ideal type. (Ex: an eidos of a fox, an ideal and perfect
Aristotle (Plato’s student)
-Truth lies in the world we live in.
-The Great Chain of Being (the fundamental truth; a hierarchy of
Static Views of the World and of life
o European Middle Ages
Fixity of Species (Fixed in their form): scholars looking for biblical text to
account for species of the world, things were created initially by God and
are as they were; no evolution; no extinction).
Shifts in Scholarism in 16 century & forward
o Archbishop James Ussher
4004 BC was when world created according to him.
o Rene Descartes