ANTHRO 128B Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Physiognomy, Monogenism, Polygenism

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Anthro 128b race, gender, science -- lecture 4 . The nature of human difference: taxonomy & comparative anatomy. +if (cid:449)o(cid:373)e(cid:374)/sla(cid:448)es a(cid:396)e (cid:374)ot (cid:862)(cid:373)e(cid:374)(cid:863) the(cid:455) do (cid:374)ot ha(cid:448)e (cid:396)ights. ~focus on idea that rationality/reason allow us to understand the world. +way we make decisions needs to be made in reason. ~tell us if women and men can be equal or races. Politi(cid:272)al (cid:272)o(cid:374)(cid:272)e(cid:396)(cid:374)s li(cid:374)ked to the e(cid:374)lighte(cid:374)(cid:373)e(cid:374)t: (cid:862)age of reaso(cid:374)(cid:863) a(cid:374)d ideals of e(cid:395)ualit(cid:455) ~there was rational idea that came up about equality. By 18th century ge(cid:374)e(cid:396)al (cid:272)o(cid:374)fide(cid:374)(cid:272)e i(cid:374) po(cid:449)e(cid:396) of (cid:862)i(cid:373)pa(cid:396)tial(cid:863) s(cid:272)ie(cid:374)(cid:272)e to a(cid:374)s(cid:449)e(cid:396) these questions. 18th and 19th centuries on race and sex. Pa(cid:396)t of a (cid:373)o(cid:396)e ge(cid:374)e(cid:396)al (cid:862)allu(cid:396)e of (cid:374)u(cid:373)(cid:271)e(cid:396)s(cid:863) morphology things. ~physical body reflection of yourself and who you are. +all parts of brain responsible for certain things. +shape of brain/head would lead to different tendencies. +less focus on the head other parts of the body. +considered pseudo science but still used as general assumption.

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