ART HIS 40B Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Purgatory, Remittance, Clerestory
Course CodeART HIS 40B
This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
January 25, 2017
Early Christian Beliefs
1. The resurrection of Christ foretells the resurrection of men.
2. All mankind will be resurrected body and soul (Christians believed in this split but
theological disputes exist about how the split works).
3. Resurrection will happen at the end of the world in the Last Judgment where Christ will
act as the judge of souls and determine who is saved and who is damned.
4. Because the body was interred after death, the place of the soul is unclear.
5. By the 12th c., official Christian doctrine decreed that most souls (barring saints’ souls
which ascend directly to Heaven) go to purgatory, a place of temporal punishment for
those who haven’t fully paid for their earthly transgressions.
6. Indulgences were granted by the church to individuals who took it upon themselves to
engage in extreme acts of penance. They were NOT a forgiveness of sin, but partial
remittance from punishment of purgatory or a time segment reduction of time spent
waiting in punishment for the Last Judgment.
•contains both Old and New Testament scenes of sculpture
◦lintel – a horizontal beam above the doorway
◦archivolt – band of molding following contours of the arch
◦jambs – the side posts of the doorway
◦trumeau – the stone column supporting the lintel
•sunrise and sunset (east and west sides of the church) correspond to
Jesus’ death and resurrection
•relief decoration on trumeau made up of partially attached lifesize
•West Portal sculpture (image #1): tympanum contains scenes of the
Last Judgment made by Gislebertus, 1120-35
◦message for pilgrims who enter church – need to repent in order to escape the wrath
◦led to cemetery, reminder of death
◦Christ is a gigantic figure, mandola (aurial light), four angels blowing trumpets
◦the saved are on Christ’s right (dexter) while the damned on left (sinister)
You're Reading a Preview
Unlock to view full version