Lecture 8 Part 1 Notes.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of California - Irvine
Biological Sciences
Diane O' Dowd

Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life (Lecture 8 Part 1)  Organic compound = any compound with carbon in it  Hydrocarbons: Organic molecules made up of only carbon and hydrogen o Hydrophobic o Can release a lot of energy when undergoing reactions  Isomers: Compounds with the same number of atoms of the same elements, but with different structures (and therefore different properties) o Structural Isomers: Different arrangement in covalent bonds o Cis-trans Isomers: Different arrangement of double bonds  Cis isomer: Double bonds on the same side  Trans isomer: Double bonds on the opposite ends of each other o Enantiomers: Isomers that are mirror images of each other due to an asymmetric carbon (carbon that is attached to 4 other atoms)  Functional Groups o Chemical groups directly involved with reactions o Hydroxyl  Has an –OH bond  Alochols usually consist of them  Polar due to oxygen atom being more electronegative  Can form hydrogen bonds with water to help dissolve organic compounds o Carbonyl  C=O (Carbon double bond to Oxygen)  Make Ketones and Aldehydes (sugars)  Can be structural isomers  Found in sugars (ketones and aldoses) o Carboxyl  Carbonyl and Hydroxyl combi
More Less

Related notes for BIO SCI 93

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.