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Class Notes for Cognitive Sciences at University of California - Irvine

PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 32: Peripheral Vision, Institute For Operations Research And The Management Sciences, Parsing
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Lecture 32 online lecture CHAPTER 5 PERCEPTION PERCEPTUAL SELECTION: ATTENTION Selection o Humans: eye movement is the major means of orienting o Peripheral vision informs us that somethings going on, say, in the upperleft...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg
PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 29: Visual Agnosia, Retina, Asteroid Family
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Lecture 29 CHAPTER 5 PERCEPTION o Visual agnosia Cant describe object Can draw it but will not know what it is Suffered lesins in the occipital temporal pathway what pathway Cant know the face f a friend f family But if th...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg
PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 30: Shap, Retina, Binocular Disparity
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Lecture 30 CHAPTER 5 PERCEPTION PERCEPTUAL CONSTANCY o Perceptual constancy The accurate perception of certain attributes of a distal object, such as its shape, size, and brightness, despite changes in the proximal stimulu...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg
PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 31: Subjective Constancy, Correspondence Problem, Visual Cortex
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Lecture 31 online lecture CHAPTER 5 PERCEPTION MOTION PERCEPTION: WHAT IS IT DOING? Retinal Motion o some cells in the visual cortex respond to image movements on the retina by firing at an increased rate when ever movemen...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg
PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 28: Color Vision, Additive Color, Opponent Process
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Lecture 28 CHAPTER 4 SENSATION o Complementary Hues Mixing light causes bright colors or even hueless white No explanation in trichromatic theory white light shines on a pigment, only a certain band of wavelengths is refle...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg
PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: Retina, Opponent Process, Mutation
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Lecture 27 CHAPTER 4 SENSATION o Contrast Effects Visual system amplifies brightness boundaries by edge enhancement which relies on brightness contrast and allows us to see the edges between objects more clearly Lateral in...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg
PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Oval Window, Basilar Membrane, Middle Ear
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Lecture 23 CHAPTER 4 SENSATION From sound waves to hearing o Gathering the sound waves KNOW THE ORDER FOR THE FINAL!!! Cochlea: coiled structure in the inner ear that contains the basilar membrane, snail structured To reac...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg
PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Olfactory Bulb, Comfort Food, Propylthiouracil
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Lecture 20 CHAPTER 4 SENSATION o Smell MUST KNOW FOR FINAL Olfactory epithelium : a mucous membrane at the top of nasal cavity; contains the olfactory receptor neurons that respond to airborne molecules called odorants Glo...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg
PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Oval Window, Basilar Membrane, Middle Ear
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Lecture 22 CHAPTER 4 SENSATION From sound waves to hearing o Gathering the sound waves KNOW THE ORDER FOR THE FINAL!!! Cochlea: coiled structure in the inner ear that contains the basilar membrane, snail structured To reac...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg
PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Sound, Low Frequency
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Lecture 21 CHAPTER 4 SENSATION Hearing o The Stimulus: Sound Sound waves : successive pressure variations in the air that vary in amplitude and wavelength When sound waves hit our ears, they trigger auditory receptors Thes...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg
PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Color Vision, Radiant Energy, Mutation
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Lecture 25 CHAPTER 4 SENSATION Vision o The Stimulus: Light Light travels in waves Like sound waves described in two measurements 1. Light waves can vary in amplitude Amplitude = height of waves starting from waves baselin...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg
PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Temporal Lobe, Oboe, Cochlea
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Lecture 24 CHAPTER 4 SENSATION o Further processing of auditory information Neurons carry the auditory signals from the cochlea to the midbrain Then, signal travel to the geniculate nucleus in the thalamus (subcortical str...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg
PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Retina, Radiant Energy, Sensation (Band)
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Lecture 26 CHAPTER 4 SENSATION The Visual Receptors o at the retina the physical stimulus energy is transduced into a neural impulse o two receptor cells: Rods: Photoreceptors in the retina that respond to lower light inte...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg
PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Group C Nerve Fiber, Hypnosis, Nociceptor
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Lecture 19 CHAPTER 4 SENSATION o Vestibular Sense It is said that humans only have 5 senses; vision, taste, smell and touch However another one is kinesthesis:the sensation generated by receptors in the muscles, tendons, a...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg
PSYCH 9A Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Retina, Apperception
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CHAPTER 4 SENSATION Lecture 15 The Passive Perceiver o John Locke advocates a philosophy called empiricism which argued that our senses are passive Argued that at birth, human mind is a blank table with which experience le...

Cognitive Sciences
PSYCH 9A
Bruce G.Berg

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